Utilitarianism Essay, Research Paper
The chief thought of utilitarianism, harmonizing to Adam Morton s book Doctrine in Practice is to follow the action that brings about the greatest sum of pleasance or the least sum of hurting. This thought at first seems simple but when applied to some illustrations the borders blur. Millions of Americans love to watch football games, but Lashkar-e-Taibas say 200 people die a twelvemonth playing this athletics, and therefore the authorities wants to criminalize the athletics all together. Harmonizing to the construct above what would the useful think? This is a type of illustration where it is unsure to cognize what the useful would make. Make 1000000s of people s pleasance comparison to the hurting of the 200 football participants households? In this state of affairs it is difficult to state which brings about the greatest sum of pleasance and which brings about the least sum of hurting. This is non the lone job with utilitarianism. There are other state of affairss that arise in which if you were to follow the useful position you would be traveling against some of your ain moral beliefs. For case the illustration in Morton s book ; your best friend is devoted to a adult female that despises him and she is married anyhow. But your friend believes that she does truly love him and if he learned how she genuinely felt he would be heartbroken? He asks you to state him how she truly feels. Now believing like a useful you might be tilting towards either stating your friend that she truly does love him or merely hedging the inquiry, but what do your ethical motives tell you to make? Personally I would be true to my friend and hope that in the terminal he would be better off cognizing the truth.
There are good points to the useful position though. Before cognizing what the useful would make, you must first think and see the effects, which most of us do non make all of the clip. We all have said and done things that have hurt others without sing the effects, but with utilitarianism we have to believe about those effects before we follow through with our actions. This is good because it allows us to believe before we act, and hence will be aching less people. Another point is that sometimes we have to be unselfish and put others pleasance before ours if it will convey approximately more pleasance or less hurting. It is normally a good thing to be unselfish but sometimes it ignores moral responsibilities that we owe to ourselves. Should scientists, for case, pass more clip working on hypothesizes and experiments to bring around diseases and less clip with their childs, in order to convey about a greater sum of pleasance countrywide. Most of us would all hold that this is unjust to the scientists childs.
When you foremost think about utilitarianism you think many people must non utilize it. But really many of its positions are used everyday. The authorities is a large illustration of this. When the authorities receives excess money and it has to make up one’s mind where it would be the most good, it is utilizing the thought of what brings about the greatest sum of pleasance to society. But sometimes the authorities gives this money to where it will delight more people instead than where it is needed. This is a large difference. Merely because society will be happier if the money is
distributed to schools alternatively of to soup kitchens does non do it right. Another illustration is fiscal assistance. Financial assistance is given to whom of all time it will profit more and hence will pleasure more. But one time once more there are jobs with this. What one individual believes will profit more is non ever whom it will delight more. One household that did non have fiscal assistance might be fighting with college tuition and other things, while another household who received fiscal assistance may be happy but there kid does non even care much about school and is merely traveling to delight his or here parents. Another topographic point where utilitarianism is used is in tribunal. When people are sued for something, they have to make up one’s mind whether it will fiscal ache them less to merely pay or will it be them less to travel to tribunal and win. Sometimes the sum you are being sued for is significantly less than the sum it would be to pay for a attorney, ne’er mind if you win or lose the instance. These fortunes normally arise with recalled points. The company decides whether or non it will be less to remember each point or less to travel to tribunal for each clip. The presidential election is besides a useful state of affairs. Each twelvemonth the campaigners form their plan around that which will delight the most sums of people. They try to assist more people and as a consequence are pleasuring more.
The biggest societal job we have with utilitarianism is based on money. In most of the state of affairss above the thing that brings about the most pleasance is the money. I think this is a large job we face. So many people out at that place believe that money will convey approximately more pleasance and less hurting, but that is non ever the instance. There are many people out at that place that find felicity in other things. Many people take pleasance in assisting others. A rotter for illustration, would most probably be happier when a individual walks up to them, smilings and apologizes that they don Ts have any money on manus, largely handling them as a individual. Rather than person scowling at his or her malodor, while dropping alteration in a cup. A smiling can do person s twenty-four hours and that has nil to make with money.
As for whether or non these illustrations are moral, I believe that seeking to profit more people can non needfully be a bad thing. After all we are seeking to do things better, but possibly there are times when we need to worry more about what is needed than what is wanted. A quotation mark posted on my 8th class bulletin board rings through my ears, What is popular is non ever right, and what is right is non ever popular. How true this is! It is morally incorrect to allow people decease on the street when we have the money to assist them and we still decide to set it else where, yet I do non happen it morally incorrect to desire to assist more people.
What it all comes down to is that sometimes utilitarianism shows us how to believe of others and set their pleasance before ours, but other times it takes off from what is morally right to ourselves and to others. At first the construct of utilitarianism seems simple, but when we truly get down to look at it and use it to the effects of our actions we realize the construct of that which brings about the greatest sum of pleasance or the least sum of hurting is in world excessively wide.