The Scarlett Letter Essay, Research Paper
Nathaniel Hawthorne, born in Salem, Massachusetts, 1804, published The Scarlet Letter in1850. Since it was foremost published, The Scarlet Letter has ne’er been out of print, nor out of favour with the literary critics. It is necessarily included in listings of the five or ten greatest American novels. Considered to be the best of Nathaniel Hawthorne s Hagiographas, it may besides be the most typical. The Scarlet Letter is Hawthorne s chef-d’oeuvre and his most profound geographic expedition of wickedness, disaffection, and religious regeneration. ( 1
Buckner ) In signifier it is a about perfect illustration of the inactive, pictural design that Hawthorne s dreamvision of the universe demanded, given texture and solidness by the elaborate representation of the Puritan-New England universe of a hundred old ages before the
day of the month of its authorship that is the scene of the narrative. ( 2 Mizener ) The fresh hints the societal, moral, psychological, and spiritual- of Hester Prynne s extramarital relationship with the
Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale on four people: the lovers themselves, their girl, Pearl, Dimmesdale, and Roger Chillingworth, Hester s hubby. ( 1 ) Each of these characters: Hester, Pearl, Dimmesdale and Chillingworth, have different features that help picture the narrative s secret plan.
Hester Prynne is a beautiful immature adult female who has sinned but is forgiven. ( 5 ) As the representative of individualism, Hester, instead than subjecting herself to the jurisprudence, subjects it to her ain examination ; she takes herself as a jurisprudence. She is non, by nature, rebellious ; and during the seven-year period of The Scarlet Letter s action, she surely attempts to accept the judgement implicit in the missive. The native strength of her character is surely
abetted by the fact that, as a immature adult female in a society dominated by aging work forces, she has no public importance. In fact, while the outward Hester performs workss of clemency and kindness throughout the seven old ages, the inward Hester grows of all time more anomic and
over clip becomes- what she was non at first-a echt revolutionist and societal group. Had she spoken her ideas, she likely would hold suffered decease from the austere courts of the period, for trying to sabotage the foundations of the Puritan
constitution. ( 3 Baym )
The universe s jurisprudence was no jurisprudence for her head. It was an age in which the human mind, freshly emancipated, had taken a more active and a wider scope than for many centuries before. Work force of the blade had overthrown and rearranged-not really, but within the domain of theory, which was their most existent abode-the whole system of ancient bias, wherewith was linked much of an antediluvian
rule. Hester Prynne imbibed this spirit. She assumed a freedom of guess, so common plenty on the other side of the Atlantic, but which our sires, had they known of it, would hold held to be a deadlier offense than that stigmatized by the vermilion missive. ( 3 )
Without traveling beyond the licence that Hawthorne allows, one might allegorise Hester as good power, which is, after all, exactly what, in the basic structural strategy of all narrative, one looks for in a hero. The power is singular in that its being seems so
unlikely in an friendless adult female. ( 3 Baym ) The vermilion missive A shortly became known as significance able. ( 4 Hawthorne )
Had there been a Papist among the crowd of Puritans, he might hold seen in this beautiful adult female, so picturesque in her garb and bearing, and with the baby at her bosom, an object to remind him of Divine Maternity, & # 8230 ; .. something to remind him, so, by contrast, of the sacred image of impeccant maternity, whose baby was to deliver the universe. Here, there was the contamination of deepest wickedness in the most sacred quality of human life working such consequence, that the universe was merely the darker for them. ( 2 Mizener )
Pearl s name had a symbolic significance, that meant bought at
a great monetary value. ( 4 ) She was dressed to mime the luxuriant colour and embellishment of the vermilion missive A. ( 3 ) Pearl is a dual character, she was good and bad. She is besides treated as being ugly, evil,
and shamed. ( 5 ) The kid could non be made conformable to regulations. In giving her being, a great jurisprudence had been broken ; and the consequence was a being, whose elements were possibly beautiful and superb, but all in upset.
Pearl was bad treated, wild, despairing, and defiant. On the other manus she was beautiful, realistic, and originative. As the narrative progresses Pearl becomes attached to the missive, it is the first missive she learns. Thus the connexion between the missive and Pearl is
intensified. ( 3 Baym )
Dimmesdale was Hester s spouse in wickedness, but he was affected by it in a different manner. He was unable to believe of their wickedness as good, unlike Hester. Hawthorne portrays Dimmesdale as a rich psychological texture that makes him more interesting.
Dimmesdale is non a individual who can easy keep position contrary to society s, even when society s position leads to self-accusation. He ne’er denies that he is guilty and deserves to be punished, but to squeal and have penalty for his wickednesss would be to lose his
place in society, which he can non populate without. ( 3 Baym )
The curate good knew-subtle, but contrite dissembler that he was! -the visible radiation in which his obscure confession would be viewed. He had striven to set a darnel upon himself by doing the avouchment of a guilty scruples, but had gained merely one other wickedness, and a self-acknowledged shame, without the fleeting alleviation of being self-deceived. He had spoken truth, and transformed it into the veriest falsity. And yet, by the fundamental law of his nature, he loved the truth, and loathed the prevarication, as few work forces of all time did. Therefore, above
all things else, he loathed his suffering ego. ( 3 )
Chillingworth is Hester s hubby who is determined to acquire retaliation on the fornicator. ( 4 ) His purpose throughout the novel is to promote Dimmesdale to go on lying about his matter, cognizing that it will give him his retaliation by destructing Dimmesdale s
psyche and organic structure.
We are non, Hester, the worst evildoers in the universe. There is one worse than even the contaminated priest! That old adult male s retaliation has been blacker than my wickedness. He has violated, in cold blood, the
holiness of a human bosom. Thou and I, Hester, ne’er did so. ( 1 ) He represented evil and rejoiced in it. Over the clip period, throughout the novel, he begins to develop diabolic features. ( 4 )
Old Roger Chillingworth was a dramatic grounds of a adult male s module of transforming himself into a Satan, if he will merely, for a sensible infinite of clip, set about a devil s office. This unhappy individual had affected such a transmutation by giving himself, for seven old ages, to the changeless analysis of a bosom full of anguish, and deducing his enjoyment thence, and adding fuel to those ardent anguishs which he analyzed and gloated over. ( 3 )
Each of these characters ; Hester, Pearl, Dimmesdale, and Chillingworth, all play a critical function in the result of the narrative. On the plane of psychological science, Hester, Chillingworth, and Dimmesdale barely lead separate lives at all: eating off each other s reciprocally
reenforcing failing and guilt, at times unifying telepathically with
each other s ideas, they seem less like three single instances than a individual, symbioticorganism. ( 6Bloom ) Each of these characters have to do many determinations that will consequence their life.
Will Dimmesdale sublimate his scruples by public confession, or will he neglect to make so and be destroyed by his ain guilt? Then the inquiry of Dimmesdale s and Hester s flight to seek life over once more. ( 2 Miziner ) In order to see the power of Hawthorne s novel,
the reader must repress his accustomed urge to look for the involvement of the novel in the development of the secret plan. ( 2 )