The Republican Party Essay, Research Paper
The Republican Party, since its first convention in Michigan in 1854, has had a doctrine that has remained
comparatively unchanged. Its curse entices Americans to believe that & # 8220 ; good authorities is based on the person and
that each individual & # 8217 ; s ability, self-respect, freedom and duty must be honored and recognized & # 8221 ; How do the
Republican doctrines hold up to the thoughts of some of the political minds that we have discussed in category. In the
choice to follow, I will analyze the Republican & # 8217 ; s chief doctrines and will depict how Rousseau would hold
or differ with their place. I will be utilizing the Republican Platform of 1996 to assistance in my treatment. Ideas that
will be of focal point will be the function of the authorities, belongings rights, and freedom of the person.
The Role of the Government
& # 8220 ; We are the party of little, responsible and efficient authorities? We therefore assert the power of the American
people over authorities, instead than the other manner around & # 8221 ; .
The position of the Republicans across the State is that the function of authorities should be kept to a lower limit. In this
subdivision, I will discourse certain positions of the Party and how they would be accepted or rejected by Jean-Jacques
Rousseau. The Republican impression has been that less authorities is better. Rousseau & # 8217 ; s impression was that of unsnarling.
He states that the cardinal political job is & # 8220 ; to happen a signifier of association that defends and protects the individual
and the goods of each associate with all the common force, and by agencies of which each one amalgamation with all,
however obeys merely himself and remains every bit free as before & # 8221 ; ( Cahn, 367 ) . The Republicans would hold with
Rousseau & # 8217 ; s thought. They ( Republican Party ) province that the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution should
be the footing for the function of authorities. The Tenth Amendment provinces:
The powers non delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to
the States severally, or to its people.
Republicans, while keeping the bulk in both the House and Senate have taken it upon themselves to use all
Torahs to Congress, so that those who make the regulations have to populate by them. Rousseau agrees in regard that no
association should be above the Torahs it makes. In his treatise entitled Of the Social contract or Principles of Political
Right, Rousseau states, & # 8220 ; Indeed, each person may, as a adult male, have a peculiar will contrary to, or divergent from,
the general will which he may hold as a citizen & # 8221 ; ( Cahn, 426 ) . What Rousseau is proposing is that a individual may experience
one manner, but he/she must move in conformity with the general will of his/her fellow citizens. The Republicans would
insist that the proper function of the Government is to supply merely what can be considered critical maps that can & # 8217 ; t be
preformed by persons or private organisations ; and that the best authorities is that which governs least. They
program to streamline the authorities and do it more effectual by!
competition and denationalization. Rousseau agrees by stating that simple authorities is best, because it is simple.
Democracy. On the topic of Democracy, Rousseau would indicate out that there has ne’er been, nor will at that place of all time
be a true Democracy. He says, & # 8220 ; It is contrary to the natural order that the greater figure should regulate and the
lesser figure should be governed & # 8221 ; ( Cahn, 448 ) . Republicans would be given to tilt towards the fact that people in the
United States need to hold more say in how the authorities is ran.
Signs of a Good Government. Rousseau says that there is no manner to happen out the best Government, because there are
as many solutions as there are combinations. He does give people an thought on how to find if when a
Government is working. & # 8220 ; All other things being equal, the Government under which, without naturalisations,
without settlements, the Citizens become thickly settled and multiply most is infallibly the best & # 8221 ; ( Cahn, 456 ) .
The topic of belongings and the rights to it hold instigated many heated arguments over clip. Rousseau & # 8217 ; s statement is
for that of first resident. & # 8220 ; The right of the first resident, altough more existent than that of strongest, becomes a true
right merely after the constitution of belongings [ ownership ] & # 8221 ; ( Cahn, 428 ) . Rousseau goes on to explicate that the right of
the person over his/her belongings is low-level to the right which the community has over it. The Republicans
oppose the position of Rousseau. They consider private belongings rights to be the basis in America. They plan to
safeguard those rights by the Fifth Amendment. This Amendment states that no adult male shall be deprived of belongings
without compensation. Rousseau agrees with the Republican Party claim by stating that, & # 8220 ; Every adult male has by nature a
right to all that is necessary to him & # 8221 ; ( Cahn, 428 ) . He agrees that the ictus of land without compensation is in itself,
non in the best involvement of the authorities. In decision, the R!
ight of belongings to Rousseau was non every bit of import as it is to the Republican Party.
Freedom of the Individual
Many people believe they have their freedom, but most do non cognize how much they have lost. In this subdivision, I will
discourse the position of the freedom of persons.
Slavery. Rousseau states from the beginning that every adult male born into bondage is born for bondage. He continues by
stating, & # 8220 ; force made the first slaves? & # 8221 ; ( Cahn, 421 ) . What Rousseau is reasoning is adult male has no right to adhere his chap
adult male. He says that a adult male giving up his freedom, to him was an absurd thought. He besides states that a individual is non in their
right head for making so. & # 8220 ; To abdicate one & # 8217 ; s autonomy is to abdicate one & # 8217 ; s quality as a adult male & # 8221 ; ( Cahn, 423 ) Rousseau
closes his statement on bondage by saying the followers:
Therefore, in whatever manner we view things, the right of bondage is null, non merely because it is illicit, but [ besides ]
because it is absurd and meaningless. These words, bondage and right, are contradictory ; they are reciprocally sole.
Whether addressed by a adult male to a adult male, or by a adult male to a people, such a address as this will be every bit foolish: I make
a convention with you entirely at your disbursal and entirely for my net income, which I shall detect every bit long as I please
and which you besides shall detect every bit long as you please ( Cahn, 424 ) .
The doctrine of the Republican Party has been to abdicate the act of bondage. They have fought for the freedom
of persons through the Civil War and every bit good as with the Civil Rights Era of the 1960 & # 8217 ; s. They believe that an
single & # 8217 ; s right to equality was of import. This is one country where Republicans have remained solid.
General Will. The concluding facet of freedom is the will of the people. Rousseau believes that the general will of the
people make the societal contract possible. Harmonizing to him, it is possible non to merely move in self-interest, but for the
involvement of people of the province. Rousseau goes on to province that you gain civil autonomy in a societal contract. He agrees
with the philosopher Spinoza in that we are slaves to our passions. With regard to the Republican Party, they
believe, like Rousseau that the will of the bulk should take precedency. In respects to justness, the Republican
Party states the followers:
The delicate balance of power between the several subdivisions of our national authorities and the authoritiess of
the 50 provinces has been eroded. The impression of judicial reappraisal has in some instances come to resemble judicial domination,
impacting all sections of the public and private enterprise.
In shutting, Rousseau envisioned several different signifiers of authorities. They were based on certain rules that
would do each one tally efficaciously. The standard of size and population mattered merely every bit significantly as anything
else that has been discussed. He would likely believe that the United States was non best ran in a democratic
construction due to its size and the diverseness of its population. The Republican Party, contrary to Rousseau & # 8217 ; s claim,
believes that the signifier of authorities is non the job, but how that authorities has been ran inefficaciously. They
continue by saying that their doctrine has been to allow authorities, by which its people are free, run without
intercession of it & # 8217 ; s representatives. Those people, who represent, should follow the Torahs that are made for the
protection of citizens.
Cahn, Steven M. Classics of Modern Political Theory. Oxford University Press. New York. 1997