Adolescent Violence Essay, Research Paper
American teens think force and offense are serious national jobs, yet most believe they are safe. Almost three-quarterss of
U.S. teens are afraid of violent offense among their equals. For some, the fright is justified. But for most, the menace may be more
perceptual experience than world.
In 1994, 74 per centum of junior high and high school pupils said adolescent force and offense is a & # 8220 ; major job, & # 8221 ; harmonizing to
a survey of 502 pupils by Roper Starch Worldwide. And 53 per centum rated force in schools as a major job.
Teenss may be worrying more about force at school and elsewhere, but the national statistics on offense are bettering. The
violent-crime rate in the U.S. declined a little 1.5 per centum between 1992 and 1993, to 746.1 discourtesies per 100,000 population,
harmonizing to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. When roll uping violent-crime statistics for its one-year Uniform Crime Reports,
the FBI counts reported incidences of slaying and nonnegligent manslaughter, physical colza, robbery, and aggravated assault.
Three in 10 adolescents say force in their ain school is a serious job, and merely 18 per centum say force is serious in their
vicinities, harmonizing to Roper. Teenss in the South are somewhat more likely than mean to state force in their school is a
serious job, at 35 per centum. Less than one-quarter of teens in the Northeast feel the same manner, even though they are more
likely to populate in urban countries
Why is at that place a spread between national offense informations and adolescents & # 8217 ; perceptual experiences of offense? There are two factors at work, says
Everett Lee, a research scientist and professor emeritus of sociology at the University of Georgia in Athens. First, adolescents are
at greater hazard of being victims of force at school than on the street. & # 8220 ; Like putting to deaths like, & # 8221 ; Lee says. & # 8220 ; Most immature people aged 10
to early maturity are killed by immature people. & # 8221 ; Teenss are most likely to see other teens at school, he says.
Lee besides believes that media coverage of crime-particularly force in schools-has strongly influenced pupils & # 8217 ; sentiments. & # 8220 ; It & # 8217 ; s
been drummed into their heads, with the tremendous figure of narratives about violent deaths in school and guns in school, & # 8221 ; he says. In
world, school violent deaths are typically stray incidents in high-crime countries. The consequence is lifting paranoia among pupils who
go to some of the safest schools in America: those located in suburbs.
High school pupils are at greater hazard of being both victims and culprits of slaying than are younger teens. About 3,100
teens aged 15 to 19 were murdered in 1993, compared with fewer than 400 aged 10 to 14. And 18 per centum of all liquidators
were teens aged 15 to 19, compared with 1 per centum aged 10 to 14.
Gang and drug-related force has turned some urban vicinities into war zones for teens. Today, 13 per centum of all
slaying victims are under age 18. But in other countries, offense is more of a fright than a job.