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Stonehenge Essay, Research Paper

Despite the many intents it seems to function, Stonehenge is still the incarnation

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of enigma for most of the universe. Some believe that its intent was to be used

as an astronomical observatory. Others think that it was used as a spiritual

meeting centre for the Druids. However, no 1 has been able to turn out its true

significance and being. Stonehenge is believed to hold been built in three chief

periods. The first took topographic point between 3100 and 2700 B. C. This portion of the

building consisted of constructing a immense ditch around the country in which

Stonehenge was to be built ( Castleden 1 ) . This ditch was 320 ft. in diameter

with a broken country in which the entryway is located. Just inside the ditch 56

holes were dug equal distance from each other. These holes were so filled with

chalk debris, but some of the holes were filled with the castanetss of cremated homo

existences. These holes were called the Aubrey holes after their inventor John

Aubrey. To the nor’-east of the ditch a 16ft. tall heel rock was erected ( Brown

751 ) . The 2nd stage of the edifice is non-existent to this twenty-four hours ( Warwick and

Trump I t can nevertheless be inferred by to holes known as the? Q? and? R?

holes. The two holes form a dual circle around the memorial. It was originally

filled with 38 bluish rocks. Besides during this edifice stage two ditches were dug

parallel to each other. The two ditches go outward from the entryway. This portion

of the edifice procedure is believed to be unfinished. This idea is due to the

fact that some holes are losing in the dual circles ( Brown 751 ) . The 3rd

stage in edifice is the most dramatic of all the stages. This is because of

the 100ft. Circle that is filled with 30 sarsen rock columns which weighs 25

dozenss individually. A cont

inuous circle of header rocks held in topographic point by mortice

and tenon articulations tops them off. Inside the circle is the holes known as the

? Ten? and? Y? holes. Besides indoors are a little horseshoe form of

bluestones. The largest bluestone is called the communion table rock. This communion table

rock? s original location and significance is unknown. It now lies under two fallen

trilithon rock. The builders of this age of Stonehenge are the Wessex civilization

of the early Bronze Age ( Brown 752 ) . Those who constructed Stonehenge may ne’er

be known. There are many myths and legends as to who truly built the immense

memorial. On such myth is that the great magician Merlin built Stonehenge. This

was claimed in the book History of the Kings of Britains written by Geoffrey of

Monmouth. Harmonizing to Geoffrey the immense rocks were taken from Ireland and

moved to England where they were marked as a burial land for slain British

princes. This memorial was set up by King Ambrosius. He sent for Merlin to give

him a memorial. Merlin suggested the? Dance of the Giants? in Ireland.

However the Irish were non traveling to give up their memorial without a battle. They

had set up an ground forces to support the elephantine memorial from King Ambrosius? s ground forces of

soldiers sent to bring the memorial. The British defeated the Irish but could

non stir the elephantine rocks in any manner, form, or signifier. Merlin, nevertheless, could.

He came to their deliverance and moved the rocks with the greatest of easiness. This

narrative was a good account to all mediaeval trusters. Outline I. Construction

A. Phases 1. Time period I 2. Period II 3. Period III B. Builders 1. Kelts and Druids

2. Merlin and King Ambrossius II. Purpose A. Solstice Calendar B. Druids

Meetings C. Astronomical Events III. Feeling toward Stonehenge A. Peopless

Feelingss Then B. Peoples Feelingss now

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