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Abbreviations and Acronyms BAACH Business Alliance Against Chronic Hunger CCTV Closed Circuit Television CDF Constituency Development Fund European Centre for Development of Vocational Training CEDEFOP DBSCS District Business Solution Centres District Enterprise Development Officer DEDO DTDO District Trade Development Officer DYO District Youth Officer DYTO’s District Youth Training Officers EFI Electronic Fuel Injection EGH Elder of Order of Golden Heart ESP Economic Stimulus Programme EPZ Export Processing Zone FTC Farmers Training Centre GDP Gross Domestic Product GOK Government of Kenya HCDA Horticultural Development Authority.

HSC Head of State’s Commendation Hon. Honorable ICT Information Communication Technology ILO International Labour Organization International Standards Classification of Occupations ISCO IT Institute of Technology JK Jua Kali JKUATES Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Enterprises Ltd JUMP Jobs for the Unemployed and Marginalized Young People KEBS Kenya Bureau of Standards KCDF Kenya Community Development Foundation KICTB Kenya Information Communication Technology Board KCPE Kenya Certificate of Primary Education KCSE Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education KEPSA Kenya Private Sector Alliance KNEC.

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Kenya National Examination Council KIDDP Kenya Italy Debt for Development Programme KIE Kenya Industrial Estates KIE Kenya Institute of Education KIPI Kenya Industrial Property Institute KIRDI Kenya Industrial Research Institute KNEC Kenya National Examinations Council KPLC Kenya Power & A ; Lighting Company IMCs Institute Managing Committees IMPS Integrated Micro-computer Processing System MAG Metal Inert Gas Welding MDG’s Millennium Development Goals Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth three MIG MoLHRD MoA MoE MoEn MoH MoL & A ; F MoR MoTR MoTO MoYAS MoEST MoI.

MoW MP MSMEs MVE MVM NAVCET NEMA NCCK NCS & A ; T NEP NIC NGO NKCC NQF NSDA NSDS NYS OECD PA PDYA PSP’s PTTO RRI SAQAs SETA SPSS SQL TIG TTI TIVET TNA TTI TOT UNDAF four Metal Active Gas Welding Ministry of Labour & A ; Human Resources Development Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Education Ministry of Environment Ministry of Housing Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Ministry of Roads Ministry of Trade Ministry of Tourism Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports Ministry of instruction. Science & A ; Technology Ministry of Industrialization Ministry of Water Member of Parliament Micro. Small and Medium Enterprises Motor Vehicle Electrician

Motor Vehicle Mechanic National Vocational Certificate in Education and Training National Environment direction Authority National Council of churches of Kenya National Council for Science and Technology North Eastern Province Newly Industrialized Country. Non-Governmental Organization New Kenya Cooperative Creameries National Qualification Framework National Skills Development Authority National Skills Development Authority Strategy National Youth Service Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development Personal Assistant Provincial Director of Youth Affairs Private Service Providers Provincial Technical Training Officer.

Rapid Results Initiatives Sector Accreditation and Qualification Authorities Sector Education and Training Authorities Statistical Package for Social Sciences Structured Query Language Tungsten Inert Gas Welding Technical Training Institute Technical. Industrial. Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training Training Needs Assessment Technical Training Institute Training of Trainers United Nations Development Assistance Framework Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth UNDP UNEP UNESCO UNHDR UNICEF UNIDO VSO VTC VTCs VVTI WEDF YEC YEDF YEF YERP YES YG YP.

YP’s United Nations Development Programme United Nations Environment Programme United Nations Educational. Scientific and Cultural Organization United Nations Human Development Report United Nations Children’s Fund United Nations Industrial Development Organization Voluntary Service Organization Vocational Training Center Vocational Training Centers Variable Valve Timing with Intelligence Women Enterprise Development Fund Youth Empowerment Centre Youth Enterprise Development Fund Youth Enterprise Facility Youth Employment Regional Programme Youth Empowerment Support Youth Group Youth Polytechnic Youth Polytechnics.

Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth V Foreword he Constitution of Kenya defines youth as all persons in the democracy who have attained the age of 18 old ages but have non attained the age of 35. Harmonizing to 2009 Census. the young person constitute 35. 4 % of the entire national population of Kenya. Majority of the unemployed population are youth and they lack the necessary accomplishments for paid employment. Skills development through preparation in proficient. vocational and entrepreneurship accomplishments will enable the state to turn to the job of young person unemployment.

Young person Polytechnics ( YPs ) and Vocational Training Centers ( VTCs ) . are establishments offering school departers chances to get quality accomplishments and cognition that make them employable or be self reliant. T Each twelvemonth over 500000 ( five hundred 1000 ) young person leave the school system before obtaining a formal professional preparation. The Young person Polytechnics ( YPs ) and Vocational Training Centers ( VTCs ) . which have increased to more than 700 countrywide are expected to play a critical function in the proviso of relevant accomplishments to the young person for self-employment or occupation creative activity and supply of skilled labour for industrialisation.

Unfortunately. the YPs and VTCs are presently confronting several challenges in preparation high quality alumnuss. The intent of this ( study is to look into the Skills Gap for alumnuss of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centers and out of school young person with a position to coming up with intercessions which will lend to youth employment. To obtain this consequence. the study foremost reviews the accomplishments of the YP alumnuss and other out of school young person in order to place possible accomplishment spreads. In the visible radiation of the results. it assesses the capacity of YPs and VTCs to react to these instruction demands.

The report’s findings indicate that both employers. alumnuss and trainees agree on the most important skill spreads among the young person. being the capacity to utilize modern machines. trade cognition and practical industrial exposure in that order. These consequences are chiefly due to inadequate substructure available within the YPs and VTCs. on one manus. and the deficiency of partnership and exchange between YPS and VTCs and industry. on the other manus. The study besides casts new visible radiation on the demands of the out of school young person. The survey findings indicate that the young person are cognizant of the classs offered in YPs and VTCs. which are the typical 2-3 twelvemonth classs.

The young person nevertheless express penchant for much shorter continuance faculties ( one to three yearss ) with faster turn-rounds non presently available in the local establishments. Furthermore. it investigates untapped economic activities which could be exploited and supply employment and concern chances. By analyzing the extended information gathered during the provincial workshops. the study identifies specific speedy impact chances in the several states in Kenya. including slum and arid/semi waterless countries. six.

Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth In order to turn to the accomplishment spreads of the current alumnuss from YPs and VTCs and to authorise the out-of-school young person to work the untapped economic chances in their parts. the study suggests implementing a wide spectrum of intercessions. In the short-run. it recommends making the capacity for the speedy impact intercessions in YPs and VTCs and associating the young person to markets and micro-finance services.

In the medium-term. it states that the YPs and VTCs need to be equipped with province of the art equipment and qualified staff. while associating its activity with the private sector and industry in order to obtain engineering transportation and practical accomplishments exposure. In the long-run. it recommends the MOYAS to advance the YPs and VTCs as an alternate path to progress engineering instruction and preparation. The survey has been conducted with proficient and fiscal support of UNDP / Regional Programme for Social Cohesion and Youth Employment ( YERP ) funded by the Spanish cooperation.

Aeneas C. Chuma Resident representative United Nations Development Programme Kenya Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth vii Acknowledgment T he Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports is grateful to United Nations Development Programme ( UNDP ) through the leading of Mr. Aeneas C. Chuma for commissioning this survey. We are profoundly indebted to UNDP and the Spanish Cooperation for their fiscal. proficient and logistical support and to Ms.

Couty Fall. the Coordinator for the Regional Programme for Social Cohesion and Youth Employment ( YERP ) and her squad for supplying the back-stopping support services while in Dakar-Senegal. Specifically. we wish to acknowledge the committedness. professional support and counsel by Boniface M. Kitili ( UNDP-Programme Analyst ) . Dr. Dinah C. Mwinzi ( Director-Youth Training ) . and Leonard Kimani ( Director-Economic Affairs-National Economic Social Council ) and to all who provided valuable remarks during the presentation and treatment of the bill of exchange study.

This survey took advantage of their varied cognition and experience in vocational accomplishments development. entrepreneurship and employment creative activity. Particular thanks go to my officers led by Dr. Dinah C. Mwinzi and assisted by Isaac Odek for taking the lead in mobilising and steering the procedure and guaranting the engagement of cardinal stakeholders which included Government sections. the private sector. young person and young person leaders and community representatives in the stage of carry oning the survey and reexamining the study through a stakeholders forum.

Particular thanks besides go to all the members of National Steering Committee for the thoughts they shared to back up this survey. This collaborative attempt made it possible to place skill spreads suppressing the young person from taking advantage of the feasible income generating options within their set up. UNDP besides would wish to thank Entwise Associates Limited under the counsel of the Lead Consultant Mr. Julius Mburugu for carry oning the survey. To you all thank you really much. Mr. James M Waweru. CBS Permanent Secretary Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports eight.

Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth Executive Summary I n Kenya. merely 39 % of the 14 million young person are absorbed in the occupation market go forthing the staying 61 % jobless. A bulk of the young person. both employed and unemployed are found in rural countries but they migrate to urban centres to look for employment chances. These chances are frequently scarce and hence many of the young person terminal up in slums where packs and reserves groups take advantage of them because of their exposure.

In chase of the ends of Vision 2030. the young person are meant to supply the bedrock for the transmutation of needed human resource accomplishments for technological and industrial transmutation. This will so take to increased wealth and societal wellbeing every bit good as sweetening of the country’s international fight. This survey sought to look into the accomplishments gap analysis for alumnuss of Youth Polytechnics ( YPs ) . Vocational Training Colleges ( VTCs ) and out-of-school young person. with a position to urge intercessions that will lend to youth employment. to enable the state achieve some of the listed ends of Vision 2030.

The more than 700 YPs and VTCs which are spread throughout the state are expected to play an of import function in the proviso of relevant accomplishments to the young person for self-employment or occupation creative activity and besides provide the skilled human resource for the industry. Towards this end. the UNDP and other development spouses are easing the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in the development of young person authorization centres and the revival of young person engineering schools.

Unfortunately. the bing institutional substructure. staffing. equipment. funding mechanisms and administration systems in most of the public YPs and VTCs are unequal to efficaciously bring forth high quality alumnuss for Vision 2030. Evidence from employers indicates that alumnuss of YPs and VTCs experience trouble in utilizing modern equipment. They besides lack equal trade accomplishments. invention and creativeness and cognition chiefly due to limited practical exposure.

The young person polytechnic alumnuss need at least six months of industrial orientation to incorporate into the workplace. Besides low proficient accomplishments. the alumnuss are besides weak in work attitude. communicating. client attention. behaviour and societal accomplishments. This shows a gulf between the accomplishments offered and those demanded by employers and society. There is hence a demand to aline the classs offered in the YPs to the demands of the industry and society. The young person in Kenya have great possible in invention and creativeness.

With the right combination of accomplishments. motive. thoughts and chances. immature people are able to set up productive and originative concern ventures and switch themselves from being occupation searchers to occupation Godheads. The survey findings indicate that some of the untapped economic chances most preferred by the young person include Kienyeji ( autochthonal ) poulet rise uping. fish agriculture. nursery agriculture. bee maintaining. refuse aggregation Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth nine and recycling.

Others include eco-tourism. dairy agriculture. domestic fowl farming. originative humanistic disciplines. and H2O filtration and bottling among others. The survey findings besides indicate that the young person are cognizant of the classs offered in the YPs and VTCs during the 2 to 3 twelvemonth classs. They nevertheless expressed penchant for much a shorter continuance. shorter courses/modules ( one to three yearss ) with faster turn-rounds that are non presently available in the local establishments. Examples of the preferable preparation countries include the undermentioned: • • • • • • •

Training accomplishments associating to the identified economic chance Book maintaining and recognition direction Entrepreneurship and selling Legal facets of undertaking Talents development techniques Leadership and group kineticss Branding and boxing The coming into force of the East African Common Market Protocol presents great chances for labour and accomplishments transportation and hence more employment for qualified young person. There is hence an pressing demand to turn to the accomplishments penchants and standardisation of developing movable to member states.

In order to guarantee portability of accomplishments from one state to another it will be necessary to accommodate a making model which is acceptable among member provinces. In order to turn to the accomplishment spreads of the current alumnuss from YPs and VTCs and to authorise the out-of-school young person to work the untapped economic chances in their parts it will be necessary to implement the undermentioned wide intercessions ; a ) Short-run intercessions This can include set uping a theoretical account for speedy impact intercessions to authorise the young person to prosecute in income generating activities which will lend to economic growing and sustainable supports.

This will ask capacity edifice for the speedy impact intercessions in YPs and VTCs and besides link the young person to markets and micro-finance services. B ) Medium-term interventions The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports ( MOYAS ) can supply state-of- the-art equipment for one YP/VTC per county and guarantee that the establishments have equal staff with appropriate makings. In add-on. YP/VTCs can be linked to private sector through a programme which provides engineering transportation and practical accomplishments exposure. degree Celsius ) Long-run intercessions.

In the long term MOYAS can to set up a YP Board linked to the Technical. Industrial. Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training ( TIVET ) system which will advance YPs/ VTCs as an alternate path to progress proficient instruction and preparation. ten Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth Chapter 1 Background 1. 1 Situation Analysis he late released 2009 Census Report1 for Kenya indicates that out of about 11 million young person ( 15-35 old ages who comprise about 36 per cent of the population ) merely 39 % are absorbed in the occupation market.

The staying 61 % are left idle and unrecorded below the poorness line of less than one US Dollar per twenty-four hours. About 92 % of these youth lack vocational or professional accomplishments demanded by the economic system to which agribusiness contributes 30 % of Gross Domestic Product ( GDP ) . By the twelvemonth 2012. the figure of young person will hold risen to 16 million. The high degree of unemployment undermines the country’s potency for development. go forthing youths’ energy and resourcefulness untapped while raising dependence degrees. T Many of the employed young person have occupations that do non fit their makings and personal development ends.

A bulk of the young person both employed and unemployed are found in rural countries but they migrate to urban countries to look for employment chances which are scarce and hence stop up in slums where packs and reserves groups stay. In this respect there is an pressing demand to direct the potency of these young person to income generating activities and besides put steps in topographic point to supply out-ofschool young person with accomplishments that match the market demands and make new occupations. The development and direction of competent human resources in Kenya has assumed a cardinal function in enterprise public presentation.

This is a cardinal factor in the effectual debut and direction of engineering ; in the application of cognition ; in increasing productiveness and fight ; in heightening capacity to supply better footings of employment ; and in increasing endeavor flexibleness to react quickly to market alterations. Gallup’s 2010 research informations indicates that 62 % of Kenyans have non been in any signifier of employment over the last 12 months and that merely 25 % out- ofsecondary school and university departers are absorbed in regular employment. hence the demand to hike preparation in entrepreneurial skills2.

The globalisation of trade and remotion of import limitations has increased competitory force per unit area in the market topographic point. This requires providers of goods and services to accommodate to new engineering alteration work moralss to better productiveness and efficiency and besides provide quality services so as to stay competitory. It besides requires the work force to be equipped with accomplishments. cognition and attitudes necessary for increased degrees of productiveness. It is besides of import to observe that a big figure of houses are still utilizing traditional stuffs like steel and lumber alternatively of aluminium and plastic merchandises for preparation and production of goods.

The change-over will necessitate new techniques and tools. 1 Kenya population and lodging nose count 2009 – Kenya National Bureau of Statistics 2 Teaching practical Skills Can Make More Jobs” . in Business Day. July 6. 2010. Nairobi Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth 1 Kenya does non hold an effectual labour market information system. The last national manpower study was carried out between 1986 and 1988. A national accomplishments inventory3 undertaken in 2005 proposed a private-sector led national making model integrating all TIVET cell of workers.

It is expected that the state will set about effectual human resource planning after completion of the national work force study which kicked off in June 20104. Merely a few employers in the state have drawn and documented occupation descriptions. occupation specifications and the public presentation criterion by which the end product or public presentation of the work force can be measured. It is now necessary. for the big endeavor and Micro. Small and Medium Enterprises ( MSME ) sectors to specify competences required to execute the occupations and the preparation required to bridge the accomplishment spread in the assorted sectors.

Skill spreads occur when employees are non ‘fully proficient’ in their occupation. In this respect. the ongoing undertaking with KEPSA/World Bank5 on young person internship will function as a major part in bridging this spread. Kenya needs a vibrant young person engineering school ( YP ) preparation programme which can back up the sweetening of productiveness in the MSME sector that presently accounts for 76 % of entire employment but merely contributes 18 % to the national GDP. The YP system can play a double function of supplying long term basic proficient accomplishments developing piece at the same clip supplying short term vocational preparation to bridge identified accomplishments spread in the MSME sector.

In this respect. puting in the young person for sustainable supports is a measure towards accomplishing the Millennium Development Goals ( MDGs ) every bit good as the ends of Vision 20306 which are aimed at traveling Kenya from a developing state to in-between income state by 2030. A figure of jobs have been identified as the cardinal factors impeding the young person from prosecuting in nice rewards or self-employment: • • • Graduates of young person engineering schools ( YPs ) and vocational preparation centres ( VTCs ) deficiency competency in modern engineering. practical accomplishments and trade cognition ( skill spreads ) .

Unemployed young person ( 92 % ) deficiency accomplishments required to work untapped chances in their parts. Majority of the young person are idle and unrecorded below the poorness line of less than one US dollar a twenty-four hours. 3 Republic of Kenya. 2006. Report on Skills Inventory. Training Needs Assessment and Development of Curriculum Structures in Kenya. Ministry of Education. Science and Technology. Nairobi 4 In “Smart Company” Page 3. Daily Nation. October 28. 2010. 5 Kenya Youth Empowerment Project – Government of Kenya. January 2010. 6 Republic of Kenya. 2009. Kenya Vision 2030 – Medium-Term Review. Nairobi 2.

Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth 1. 2 Current Enterprises 1. 2. 1Government of Kenya ( GOK ) and private sector Initiatives In 2009. the Government elaborated a new national development design. the Vision 2030. 7 that purposes at doing Kenya a freshly industrialized in-between income state supplying high quality of life for its citizens by the twelvemonth 2030. Kenya Vision 2030 is anchored on the economic. societal and political pillars whose foundation is scientific discipline. engineering and invention.

In chase of the ends of this vision. the young person are to supply the bedrock for the transmutation of needed human resource accomplishments for technological and industrial transmutation. This will so take to increased wealth and societal well-being every bit good as the sweetening of the country’s international fight. MOYAS has besides envisioned the constitution of Youth Empowerment Centres ( YECs ) in every constituency as a one-stop information Centre to turn to the diverse demands of the young person in a constituency through the Kenya Youth Empowerment Project. In 2008/9. 46 Centres were constructed all over the state at a cost of Kshs.

240 million8. The Daily Nation besides reported that in the 2009/10 fiscal twelvemonth. the Ministry had planned to build 30 more Centres at a cost of Kshs. 204 million. The Kenya Youth Empowerment Project. which is supported by the World Bank. has several constituents which will be Ksh. 5. 6 billion in an attempt to undertake youth unemployment. One of these constituents to be implemented through the Kenya Private Sector Alliance ( KEPSA ) is expected to offer internships to about 6. 600 primary and secondary departers between the ages of 15 and 29 and 4. 400 third degree alumnuss.

In 2007. the Youth Enterprise Development Fund ( YEDF ) under the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports ( MOYAS ) was launched and allocated one billion shillings which was later increased to Kshs. 2. 4 billion. A farther 2. 5 billion has been pledged to the fund by Kenya Commercial Bank. First Community Bank. Equity Bank and Family Bank. By the terminal of 2009. the Fund had disbursed Kshs. 2. 1 billion to about 68. 000 youth-led endeavors.

On labour export. about 1500 immature work forces and adult females have been assisted by the fund to acquire employment overseas through the structured labour export programme. a figure which is expected to lift to 10. 000 occupations every twelvemonth from 2011 ( Anyang. 2010 ) . In some territories self aid groups are loaned Kshs. 2 million9 to assist the young person engage in income generating undertakings. In July 2010 the authorities launched the Economic Stimulus Programme ( ESP ) as a short to medium term. high strength. high impact programme aimed at jumpstarting the economic system towards long-run growing and development.

It besides aimed to procure the supports of Kenyans and turn to the challenges of regional and inter-generational unfairness. Through the constituency industrial development Centres. the authorities plans to pass an upwards of Kshs. 525 million to purchase equipment for young person groups and organisations already formed under the Kazi Kwa Vijana programme. This enterprise started in 2009 with Ksh. 800 million to supply 500. 000 occupations for the young person in urban and 7 Republic of Kenya. 2009. Kenya Vision 2030. Nairobi. Kenya 8 Daily Nation. 2nd December 2009. Nairobi. Kenya.

9 Daily Nation. 13th August 2010. Nairobi. Kenya Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth 3 rural areas10. The Centres are expected to supply a major preparation land for young person while originating them into industrial engineering at the constituency degree. 1. 2. 2GOK. United nations Agencies and NGO Initiatives The challenges of young person in YPs and VTCs every bit good as the out-of-school young person constitute a mark group addressed under the UN Development Assistance Framework ( UNDAF. 2009 ) for Kenya.

This model identifies a set of precedences aligned to the Economic and Social Pillar of Government of Kenya’s Vision 2030 result 3 which promotes sustainable and just economic growing for poorness and hungriness decrease with a focal point on vulnerable groups. It is of import to observe that Kenya is one of the 108 member provinces who are signers to the United Nations ( UN ) .

Millennium Declaration of 2001 which adopted the undermentioned eight ends that respond to world’s chief development challenges. to be achieved by 2015: ( 1 ) Eradicate utmost poorness and hungriness ( 2 ) Achieve cosmopolitan primary instruction ( 3 ) Promote gender equality and empower adult females ( 4 ) Reduce kid mortality ( 5 ) Improve maternal wellness ( 6 ) Combat HIV/AIDS. malaria and other diseases ( 7 ) Ensure environmental sustainability and ( 8 ) Develop a planetary partnership for development. To day of the month the Kenyan authorities has undertaken several enterprises towards run intoing the MDGs.

Among the first such enterprise was designation in 2000 of 9 Millennium territories viz. ; Siaya. Bondo. Muranga North. Meru South. Turkana. Kilifi. Suba. Bungoma and Garissa where the one-stop store Business Solution Centres ( DBSCs ) . were established in 2008 in coaction with Kenya Industrial Estates ( KIE ) and Ministry of Trade under the public-private partnership agreement. The DBSCs are equipped with high cyberspace connectivity and ICT substructure to enable young person. adult females and MSEs entree critical information. preparation. selling and consultative support.

Other enterprises include ILO. YES. JUMP. COOP. a biennial pilot undertaking which started in 2009 and is targeted at making 1. 000 nice occupations in the two old ages for young person in fringy countries of Nakuru. Athi River and Nyandarua territories. ILO’s Youth Enterprise Facility ( YEF ) is a five-year undertaking intended to enable the young person in Kenya. Uganda and Tanzania turn their energy and thoughts into concern chances and contribute to the creative activity of nice work both as a agency of self employment and occupation creative activity.

The Nipponese Government has besides since 2005 sponsored a undertaking in the slums of Kawangware among others. on refuse aggregation by the young person in Nairobi City11. VSO Jitolee besides received authorities support of up to Kshs. 4 million to transport out a five twelvemonth undertaking for 8 young person engineering schools in Coast Province. viz. Mkongani. CITC. Kidaya. Likoni. Mwamba ya Nyundo. Gede. Mkwanjuni and Mtongwe. VSO started 10 Murithi Mutiga in Daily Nation. 4th July. 2010. Nairobi. Kenya. 11 Paul Wafula in Daily Nation. 12th August 2010. Nairobi. Kenya.

4 Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth pilots in Coast Province transporting out practical action as a adviser. They looked at the accomplishments being taught and whether multi-skilling could be implemented in the country. Technoserve/Kenya is besides another enterprise which supports the Young Women Entrepreneurship Clubs ( concern programs ) in schools and among communities in Kariobangi and Kibera slums of Nairobi.

Its purpose is to distribute to over 1. 800 secondary schools and disadvantaged communities throughout the state. The Junior Achievement of Kenya and a figure of other NGOs are besides set abouting similar programmes aiming the young person in secondary schools. The National Youth Talent Academy12. an enterprise of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports. Ministry of Education and UNICEF. enrolled its first group of 100 young person in March 2010 in four major subjects viz. : football. volleyball. music and dance and movie and theater at Moi International Sports Centre. Kasarani.

The Academy which aimed at authorising 500 gifted out- of-school young person in 2010. through accomplishments and endowment development in athleticss and executing humanistic disciplines. attracted the involvement of young person. givers and the private sector. The programme seeks to prosecute the young person through an advanced attack that taps into their endowments in order to hike chances for improved supports that is in line with their aspirations and the demands of the communities in which they live.

UNDP has farther facilitated MOYAS to carry through cardinal mileposts in run intoing the demands of the young person through the Kenya National Youth Development and Training Programme. This programme has two constituents ; ( a ) Creation of support chances for the young person in the 9 Millennium territories and 24 selected constituencies and ( B ) Revival of Youth Polytechnics. Below are some of the accomplishments of the National Youth Development and Training Programme. • • • • It has trained 316 immature alumnuss in concern accomplishments and entrepreneurship development.

It has developed 46 immature university graduates into endeavor development agents. It has placed 45 trainees on concern experience fond regard. It has produced a concern accomplishments and entrepreneurship development developing manual. It is against this background that UNDP facilitated the survey on Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of YPs. VTCs and Out of School Youth vide CFPS/0012/2010 dated 8th April 2010 with a position of coming up with intercessions that will lend to youth employment.

12 “Talent Search Starts to Bear Fruit” in Saturday Nation 30th October 2010. Nairobi. Kenya. Skills Gap Analysis for Graduates of Youth Polytechnics. Vocational Training Centres & A ; Out of School Youth 5 1. 3 Purpose of the Study The intent of this survey was to look into the accomplishments gap analysis for alumnuss of YPs. VTCs and out of school young person with a position to coming up with intercessions which will lend to youth employment. The specific undertakings to be performed included the followers: 1. 3.

1 Establishing the current and future market accomplishment demands and demands for the different environmental parts of Kenya ( waterless and semi-arid countries. slum countries. rural countries. and high possible countries ) . a ) Identifying local and untapped/under-utilized resources in the different parts ; B ) Recommending the intercessions required in order to make occupations by taking advantage of the available local resources ; degree Celsiuss ) Recommending both short-run and long term preparation programmes to shut the identified spreads. 1. 3. 2 Finding out the bing accomplishment tabun.

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