Sexually Transmitted Diseases Essay
A major inquiry confronting many adolescents is whether or non to hold sex. A consequence of holding sex is undertaking sexually transmitted diseases. Sexually familial diseases, or genital diseases affect 10 to 12 million Americans each twelvemonth. ( Daugirdas 75 ) In the United States, sexually transmitted diseases strike an norm of one individual every 1.5 seconds. ( 76 ) About half of STD patients are under the age of 25. ( Landers 45 ) About 2.5 million adolescents are infected with these deathly diseases. ( Welsh A-5 ) A few types of sexually transmitted diseases are gonorrhea, herpes, chlamydia, pox, etc. These diseases can be fatal if non attended to. In add-on to those epidemic diseases already mentioned, such diseases include poxs, crab lice, vaginal infection caused by the Hemophilus bacteria, molluscum contagiosum, chancroid, and the list goes on and on. There are many ways to convey these diseases.
Transmission of all these diseases occurs merely by intimate contact with an septic individual, because all of the causative beings die rapidly if removed from the human organic structure. ( Leone 128 ) Although the usual country of contact is the genital, the pattern of anal and unwritten sex besides leads to instances of anal and unwritten infections. ( 130 ) A few of these diseases, notably chancroid and itchs, can be spread by the septic individual from one country of tegument to another by the custodies. ( Daugardis 86 ) Gonorrhea, pox, and chlamydial infections can besides be transmitted from a pregnant adult female to her baby, either in the womb or during birth. Such inborn infections can be rather terrible. Although genital infections start at the external genital organ, they can distribute to the prostate, womb, testicles, and nearby variety meats. ( 87 ) Most of these infections cause lone annoyance, itchiness, and minor hurting, but gonorrhoea and chlamydial urethritis are a major cause of sterility in adult females.
Peoples with sexually transmitted diseases may hold no symptoms or symptoms that are so mild that they do non aware the individual to seek medical attending. For illustration, about half of the adult females with gonorrhoeas have no important symptoms, and up to 3 per centum of work forces will experience absolutely good. ( Welsh A-5 ) Some STDs have overlapping symptoms. Swelling of the lymph nodes in the inguen may attach to many sexually familial infections and may be stamp or painless. ( Leone 135 ) Such puffiness may be the lone manifestation of a comparatively rare STD called lymphogranuloma venereum. Unusual or increased discharge from the phallus or vagina can be a symptom of a figure of STDs, including gonorrhoea, chlamydia, and peculiarly in adult females, vaginitis, which encompasses three different infections: bacterial, barm, and trichomoniasis, which is caused by a protozoon. ( 135 )
Some STDs can do skin lesions in the venereal country. One of the first symptoms of pox is the chancre, a comparatively painless ulcer found at the site of infectioN, which is normally, but non ever, the venereal country. ( Daugardis 107 ) Herpes causes sores in the venereal country that are really similar to cold sores. Genital warts, caused by the human villoma virus, resemble warts on other parts of the organic structure and can be found both internally and externally in the venereal part. ( 108 ) Large, painful venereal ulcers are diagnostic of the bacterial infection chancroid, common is Southeasterly Asia, but rare in the United States. ( Leone 137 ) Small bumps around the genitalias may be molluscum contagiosum, a viral disease spread by contact ; this infection is besides acquired nonsexually by immature kids. Itchy, crusted itchs lesions result from infestation with the touch Sarcoptes scabiei, which burrows into the superficial beds of the tegument. Rubing in the pubic hair part may ensue from infestation with Phthirus pubic bone, the crab louse, which is spread by close contact. ( 138 )
This epidemic nature of sexually transmitted diseases attests to the trouble of commanding them. Some public wellness functionaries attribute the addition in many of these diseases to increasing sexual activity. Besides important may be the replacing of the rubber with birth control pills and stop. Patterns of sexually transmitted disease besides alteration. Whereas pox and gonorrhoea were both epidemic at one clip, widespread usage of penicillin brought poxs under moderate control. ( Scott 52 ) Attention so turned to command of gonorrhoea, at which clip pox once more began to increase in frequence. ( 52 ) The lone definite manner of commanding these deathly diseases is through abstention. Other ways of control is by the usage of a rubber.
Treatment for these diseases can be instead easy with the proper medicine and if taken attention of quickly. One of the most effectual ways to handle these diseases is with antibiotics. ( 59 ) Penicillin has been an effectual drug against pox and gonorrhoea, but many gonorrheal beings are now immune to this agent. ( 63 ) Ceftriaxone or spectinomycin is effectual in these cases. ( 64 ) There are many other antibiotics being created everyday to handle these diseases.
Sexually transmitted diseases is a serious job confronting the teens of this state, but through proper protection and cognition of the diseases, they can get the better of this epidemic. The lone true manner to protect oneself from any kind of diseases is by abstention.
1. Daugirdas, John T.
Hinsdale, Ill. : Medtext, Inc. , 1992.
2. Landers, Ann.
Ann Landers negotiations to adolescents about sex.
New York: Fawcett Crest, 1963.
3. Leone, Bruno.
St. Paul, Minnesota: Greenhaven Press, Inc. , 1983.
4. Scott, Fred J.
Venereal disease: Prevention and Treatment.
New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 1990.
5. Welsh, Patrick.
& # 8220 ; Sex and Today & # 8217 ; s Teen-ager.
Washington Post: Washington D.C. , Nov. 29, 1987.