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Consecutive Killers: Programmed To Kill? Essay, Research Paper

Consecutive slayers are one of the most absorbing and morbid groups of people to analyze. A

consecutive slayer as defined by Brian and Wilfred Gregg in The Encyclopedia of Serial

Killers is person who kills 3 or more people with sufficient clip intervals between each

known as a chilling off period. The manner and motive of the violent deaths can change greatly.

I choose consecutive slayers for this undertaking because the thought of person killing another homo

being on legion occasions seemed so out at that place, so periphery, it merely had to be studied.

Listen to this missive from one of this centuries most ill-famed consecutive slayers David

Berkowitz ( 1976-1977 ) AKA & # 8220 ; Son of Sam. & # 8221 ;

& # 8220 ; I am profoundly hurt by your naming me a weman-hater. I am non. But I am a monster. I am

the & # 8220 ; boy of Sam & # 8221 ; . I am a small terror. When male parent Sam gets drunk he gets average. He beats

our household. Sometimes he ties me up to the dorsum of the house. Other times he locks me in

the garage. Sam loves to imbibe blood. & # 8220 ; Travel out and kills & # 8221 ; commands father Sam. Behind

our house some remainder. Mostly immature & # 8211 ; raped and slaughtered & # 8211 ; their blood drained & # 8211 ; merely

castanetss now. Pap Sam keeps me locked in the Attic excessively. I can & # 8217 ; t acquire out but I look out the

attick window and watch the universe spell by. I feel like an foreigner. I am on a different

wavelength so everybody else & # 8211 ; programmed to kill & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; Mr. Borelli, sir, I don & # 8217 ; t want to

kill any more. No Sur, no more but I must, & # 8220 ; honour thy male parent & # 8221 ; . I want to do love to the

universe. I love people. I don & # 8217 ; t belong on Earth. Return me to yahoos. To the people of

Queens, I love you. And I want to wish all of you a happy Easter. May God bless you in

this life and in the following. And for now I say adieus and goodnight. Polices: Let me stalk

you with these words: I & # 8217 ; ll be back. I & # 8217 ; ll be back. To be interrpreted as & # 8211 ; knock, knock, knock,

knock & # 8211 ; ugh. Yours in slaying, Mr. Monster. & # 8221 ;

This missive was found at the scene of one of his offenses. He went on to kill 5 more people,

largely in autos parked in lover & # 8217 ; s lanes.

To see consecutive slayers as a periphery group, you must first understand them as a group. To make

this I will show some common traits of consecutive slayers, followed by the categorizations of

male and female consecutive slayers and specific illustrations of each. Once I have sufficiently

grouped consecutive slayers as a whole and so as smaller groups in that whole, I will explicate

what is being done to foretell consecutive slayers, who becomes a consecutive slayer and why?

There is no manner to state precisely how many consecutive slayers there are active at any one clip.

Make to modern engineering, peculiarly transit, it is frequently difficult to link two

apparently separate slayings. Most experts agree with Holmes and DeBurger & # 8217 ; s estimation

of victims of consecutive slayings at 3,500 to 5,000 per twelvemonth. From this the estimated figure of

consecutive slayers active today is 350, or 7 per province. This estimation is based on research that

shows most consecutive slayers murder between 10s and 12 persons, over several old ages.

However, Peter Wortington, writer of & # 8220 ; The Journalist and the Killer, & # 8221 ; states the

ill-famed consecutive slayer Ted Bundy could be responsible for every bit many as 100 slayings.

Who are they?

Common Traits

*Holmes and DeBurger, the writer of Serial Murder, province that consecutive slayers in general

suit the description of a sociopath really good. The rubric, sociopath has been late

replaced by the phrase ASPD, anti-social personality upset.

*The inability to love, which is frequently considered to be the nucleus of ASPD is particularly

evident in the consecutive slayer.

*The consecutive slayer is unable to develop deep meaningful relationships and therefore their attention

for people in general is greatly decreased. In short, the consecutive slayer is missing those traits

which help us to acquire along with others.

*Highly unprompted and aggressive behaviour is another portion of the consecutive slayers psyche, and

surveies show that they require more bangs than normal people

*Just like immature kids, they must invariably be in hunt of new amusement.

Comparing a consecutive slayer to a immature kid, nevertheless, is non just to the kid. Young kid

may draw the legs off of a grasshopper for amusement, but consecutive slayer enjoys making or

fantasying about making such things to fellow worlds.

*The authoritative characteristic of the consecutive slayer, is an absolute deficiency of guilt. Engagement in

activities which could ensue in societal disapproval will bring forth guilt and compunction in a

normal, healthy person, but the consecutive slayer does non see either of these

feelings to any sufficient grade.

Robert Ressler writer of Sexual Homicide, gives us three traits that make the series

killer really unsafe.

1 ) Their deficiency of scruples, as we have discusses, is a consequence of ASPD is the first.

2 ) Second is a deficiency of external motive. Some of the slayers motivation consists of

uncontrolled thrusts, their inability to command unprompted behaviour or alter their actions

in consideration of others. There is non external motivation in a consecutive slaying. The victim is

killed for psychological addition on the portion of the liquidator.

3 ) The 3rd trait is the planning and ability to conceal their criminalism make them virtually

unseeable. As Ressler explains, consecutive slayers ever plan their putting to deaths, whether consciencly

or non, and this degree of planning is ever apparent at the offense scene. Consecutive slayers besides

hold astonishing ability to conceal their offenses. As Holmes and DeBurger province, many times

people in the same house as the slayer do non cognize of the slayers activities.

Categorizations

The information in this subdivision comes from the Internet site of Dr. Tom O & # 8217 ; Connor a

celebrated criminology specializer from North Carolina & # 8217 ; s Wesleyan College. For the

male categorization Dr. O & # 8217 ; Connor uses one of the FBI typologies called the

Holmes typology. There are other & # 8217 ; s the FBI uses, but I felt this 1 was the most

clear.

Thesis: The categorization of consecutive slayers is different for males and females. The

major difference is manner of killing and the preciseness and attention of that killing. In

add-on, females are much more likely to kill victims they have some relation

with.

The categorization of consecutive slayers is indispensable in understanding the psychological

mainframe of the slayer. I besides feel it is of import to emphasize common traits among

groups so we may break understand them as a whole.

Male SERIAL KILLERS- 4 groups, normally between 20 and 30. Kill in their ain

societal category and race.

Visionaries & # 8211 ; act in response to voices and are instructed by these voices to execute

the act of slaying. These are used to warrant and legalize the act.

Herbert Mullin ( 1972-73 ) : Paranoid schizophrenic, heard voices about an

upcoming temblor that told him to kill to forestall it. He drove up

mountain roads and pretended to hold auto problem, killed 2 with a baseball

chiropteran. Then got a gun and killed 5 people in one twenty-four hours at one park, 4 campers

at another park 3 months subsequently, 2 others in assorted locations.

Missionaries & # 8211 ; they think it is their duty rid society of unwanted elements.

Prostitutes, drug nuts, homophiles, racial minorities, and porn merchants

( Like John Doe in the film in Seven. )

Joseph Franklin ( 1977-81 ) : Neo-Nazi, believed interracial twosomes were a

wickedness against God. suspected in the shot of Larry Flynt because Hustler

magazine featured interracial twosomes. Franklin killed 15 people in

interracial relationships from rooftops.

Hedonists & # 8211 ; kill because slaying causes them pleasance / sense of power

Lust Killers & # 8211 ; kill for sexual satisfaction and the Acts of the Apostless are normally sadistic.

Often involves overkill, necrophilisms or cannibalism.

Jerry Brudos ( 1968-69 ) : electronic tech. , shoe fetish.

aroused by the sight of adult females in black high heeled places. Killed

6 and kept the left pes of each in a deep-freeze.

Thrill Killers & # 8211 ; kill because of a desire of a & # 8220 ; thrill & # 8221 ; or & # 8220 ; experience. & # 8221 ; Often

involves mutilation or cannibalism but seldom overkill or necrophilia

Norman Collins ( 1967-69 ) : killed 7 pupils, each sexually

mutilated. He came to the funeral parlour of one victim and asked if

her could take a image.

Gain Killers & # 8211 ; putting to death for personal addition. Profitable concern venture,

promotion of calling, or contract for services.

Joseph Briggen ( 1894-1902 ) : Hog husbandman whose hogs ever won

bluish threads. He said & # 8220 ; its all in the feeding. & # 8221 ; He besides complained

of the inability to maintain spread custodies. He had killed at least 12

custodies stating hogs need a steady diet of human flesh.

Power Seekers & # 8211 ; kill for the desire to hold control over the life and decease or others.

Often involves behaviours such as ransom demands or desire for promotion.

Robert Hansen ( 1977-81 ) : killed 17 adult females after sexually mistreating

them. He gave them a head start and track them down like animate beings with a

high-octane rifle.

Other types of Consecutive slayers such as Vampires and Cannibals can non be placed in any

one group and must so be considered assorted groups.

The information on female consecutive slayers besides came from Dr. O & # 8217 ; Connor & # 8217 ; s web page. The

typology used for females is called the Kelleher Typology, developed by Kelleher and

Kelleher a twosome who wrote the book, Murder Most Rare: The Female Serial Killer.

FEMALE SERIAL KILLERS-more methodical, careful, precise and quiet. Besides

much more successful ; the mean continuance of a female consecutive slayer is 8 old ages,

dual that of a male consecutive slayer. Female consecutive slayers account for merely 8 % of all

American consecutive slayers but American female consecutive slayers account for 76 % of all

female consecutive slayers worldwide.

Female Serial Killers Acting Entirely: Mature, careful, calculated, socially expert, and

extremely organized. They normally attack victims in their place of topographic point of work.

They tend to prefer specific arms like toxicant, deadly injection or asphyxiations

Black Widow: systemically kills multiple partners, spouses, or other household

members.

Diana Lumbrera ( 1977-1990 ) : suffocated 6 of her ain kids.

Angle of Death: systemically kills people who are in her attention for some signifier of

medical attending

Genene Jones ( 1978-1982 ) : injected terminally sick kids with bosom

medicine. She enjoyed the acknowledgment she received as she tried to resuscitate

the kids.

Sexual Marauder: consistently kills others in clear Acts of the Apostless of sexual homicide

Aileen Wournos ( 1989-90 ) : cocotte, changeable work forces in normal proposition for

sex claiming ego defence.

Retaliation: consistently kills out of hatred or green-eyed monster

Martha Ann Johnson ( 1977-82 ) : 22 twelvemonth old, 250 lbs adult female with 4

kids, who after a battle with her hubby would turn over her weight onto

one of them as they slept and smother them.

Net income or Crime: consistently kills for net income or while perpetrating another offense.

Madame Papova ( 1879-1909 ) : slaying for hire service in Russia.

Specialized in emancipating married adult females from barbarous hubbies. Murdered over

300 victims.

Acting in Partnership: Killers tend to be younger, aggressive, barbarous in their onslaughts,

sometimes disorganized, and normally unable to carefully be after. They normally attack

victims in diverse locations. They tend to utilize guns, knives, or anguish.

Team Killer: Kills or participates in the violent death of others in concurrence with at

least one other. Represent about 1/3 of all female consecutive slayers with male female

squads being the most common.

Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow ( 1930-34 ) : formed pack and killed 16

victims, 13 of which were constabularies officers. Bonnie is reported to hold

enjoyed seting excess slugs in the bulls.

Participation Part

1 ) Wolfgang Abel & A ; Mario Furlan ( 1977-1986 ) were 27-year old boies of rich parents in

Milan, Italy. Upon graduation from the university where they had been roomies, they

embarked upon an odyssey of killing homophiles across Italy and the Central Alps

Region of West Central Europe. Along the manner, they killed whomever they thought was

& # 8220 ; subhuman & # 8221 ; and although they were non Nazis, they left notes at offense scenes for constabulary

to believe a group of Nazis led by a & # 8220 ; Ludwig & # 8221 ; were responsible. Their 13 victims included

itinerants, drug nuts, cocottes, and of class, homophiles. Toward the terminal, they

specialized in incendiarism and bombardment, firing down adult film theatres

and homosexual

discotheques, clocking the fires for when the topographic points were most crowded. Hundreds of

people were injured or scarred for life by their actions. They were eventually caught by

frequenters of a crowded disco when seen dancing about in costume while in secret let go ofing

accelerant from inside their pantlegs. In 1987, an Italian tribunal found them partly insane

and sentenced them to 30 old ages of & # 8220 ; open detention & # 8221 ; ( the equivalent of & # 8220 ; house apprehension & # 8221 ; ) in the

Alpine palaces of their parents & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; Missionary/Team

2 ) Harvey Glatman ( 1951-1958 ) was a 25-year old Hollywood lensman for misss

interested in going theoretical accounts. Once the most beautiful misss came into his & # 8220 ; studio & # 8221 ; , they

were raped, tied up, and so viciously murdered. He would frequently take exposures of him

ravishing the misss, as they died, and their grave sites out in the desert. He killed 4 victims

before the last one got off by defying. His & # 8220 ; studio & # 8221 ; turned out to hold a room with

walls covered with portrayals of decease. He was executed in the gas chamber in 1959, and

his last words were & # 8220 ; I knew this is the manner it would be & # 8221 ; . & # 8212 ; & # 8211 ; Lust

3 ) Frederick Mors ( 1914-1916 ) was an immigrant from Vienna to the U.S. who worked in

nursing places for the aged. He liked to dress up in a white uniform with a stethoscope

around his cervix and have the patients call him & # 8220 ; Herr Doktor & # 8221 ; . He was responsible for

killing 8 patients by chloroform asphyxiation. He was finally caught in the act, and

certified reprehensively insane, but he escaped from the mental establishment and was ne’er

heard from again. & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; Power Seeker

4 ) Martha Wise ( 1924-1925 ) AKA & # 8220 ; the Borgia of America & # 8221 ; was a 39-year old widow

from Ohio who fell profoundly in love with a younger adult male whom her household was opposed to.

She devised a program to toxicant ( arsenic ) her household members one-by-one, killing 3 of them

before the remainder got leery and reported her to governments. When questioned, she

confessed to the slayings, several other efforts, and even firing down a church that

expressed a reluctance to transport out the matrimony ceremonial. Her defence at test was & # 8220 ; the

Devil made me make it & # 8221 ; . She was sentenced to life imprisonment. & # 8212 ; & # 8211 ; Revenge/Visionary

Why are they?

& # 8220 ; It was an impulse. . . . . A strong impulse, and the longer I allow it travel the stronger it got, to where I

was taking hazards to travel out and kill people & # 8211 ; hazards that usually, harmonizing to my small regulations

of operation, I wouldn & # 8217 ; Ts take because they could take to arrest. & # 8221 ; & # 8212 ; Edmund Kemper

Where does this impulse come from? In this undertaking I aim to turn to 3 countries which is said to

have impact on these people taking them to a life of consecutive slaying.

Childhood household life

Most of the information in this averment comes from the FBI behavioural scientific discipline

section and FBI profiler Robert Ressler.

*Serial slayers are ne’er truly able to bond with their households.

*This so leads to a battle to bond with friends so there are really few or no

relationships of any value to these people.

*A positive position of the male parent is rare among consecutive slayers, while 72 % study a deficiency of

fond regard to, and no positive image of, their male parents. The consecutive slayer feels more

aggression than the mean kid, and a good part of this is vented toward the male parent. *

*Ron Langevin writes in & # 8220 ; The Serial Killer, & # 8221 ; that so, the consecutive slayer holds more

choler and well less fondness toward the male parent than make even other liquidators. She

goes on to state that episodes of bedwetting and firesetting, coexist with a inclination for

inhuman treatment to animate beings, and have been called the & # 8216 ; triad & # 8217 ; of childhood features

representative of future consecutive slayers.

*Ressler besides points out that 82 % of consecutive slayers report woolgathering so much that it

became a job for them in childhood,

*and 71 % study chronic prevarication.

*80 % of them had run off at some point in their childhood, and

*83 % reported sever pique fits.

Harmonizing to the FBI, and Ressler,

*Nearly all consecutive slayers report penalty as a kid as being unjust, hostile, opprobrious and

really inconsistent.

*The primary caretakers of the hereafter slayer, be they parents, grandparents or legal

defenders, are merely & # 8220 ; bad & # 8221 ; at their occupation.

*Not merely are they nonproductive, unhelpful and distant, but they typically hold grownup

outlooks for even the youngest of kids.

Holmes and De Burger continue to state that this incompatibility is a common point

between consecutive slayers and sexual nuts.

*Serial slayers learn behaviour that encourages force, and that will one twenty-four hours lead to

multiple slaying.

Ressler and the FBI study that, there is a high grade of instability in the household life

merely like the sexual nut & # 8217 ; s household.

*Their households typically moved around a great trade, or parents often changed

businesss.

*Psychological and behavioural jobs, such as alcohol addiction and drug usage are non

uncommon in their households, either. Ressler reports that 69 % of interviewed consecutive

slayers had a household history of alcohol addiction. Better than half of the consecutive slayers

reported psychiatric jobs in their households, and 70 % of the households had a

history of alcohol addiction.

Sexual Maltreatment

Over 50 % were suspected of sexual maltreatment. Peter Worthington, writer of & # 8220 ; The Journalist

and the Killer, & # 8221 ; studies that Clifford Olson, for illustration, who reported being sodomized

by his uncle as a immature kid, subsequently went on to slay eight misss and three male childs in a

nine-month fling. His slaying methods included choking, bludgeoning and stabbing.

Steven Dubner, who wrote & # 8220 ; Portrait of a Serial Killer, & # 8221 ; provinces that Alex Henriquez,

suspected by constabulary of being sexually abused during his childhood and through his teens,

strangled two misss and one adult female to decease.

Ressler points out that this maltreatment is a critical stage in the creative activity of the consecutive slayer.

*The sexual maltreatment consequence in intense physiological rousing, and the abused kid rapidly

associates the two.

Jim Orford wrote & # 8220 ; Excessive Appetites: A Psychological Position of Addictions, & # 8221 ; and is

quoted as stating & # 8220 ; The male accent on sex, along with greater prominence of male

sexual variety meats, greater grade of enterprise expected of males, and more obvious marks of

physiological rousing lead immature males to label physiological rousing as sexual. & # 8221 ;

Fantasy- Childhood phantasies of domination may besides take to future violent behaviour as

Ressler points out.

*The drama of the kid is oriented around aggression and force, and this lone additions

over the old ages.

*Children experiencing abused may be really egoistic, seeing others as merely an extension of

their personal universe.

*In kernel the hereafter slayer is utilizing fantasy as a manner of get awaying an otherwise hapless

household life. The maltreatment they are enduring may force these phantasies toward force

and aggression.

*In fantasy the kid is in control and can make the mistreating alternatively of being abused.

Ressler gives a good illustration in the state of affairs in which a kid may desire to experience power of

the household Canis familiaris. One twenty-four hours the kid goes so far as to kick the Canis familiaris. Feeling the power, the

kid may go on to crush and subsequently even kill the Canis familiaris.

*As the kid grows these phantasies become an dependence.

*It becomes the kid & # 8217 ; s merely beginning of emotional rousing and shortly included sex every bit good as

aggression.

*As a consequence of this demand for fantasy the now immature grownup may develop negative traits

including ; penchant for autoerotic activity, aggression, chronic prevarication,

defiance, and a penchant for fetish behaviour.

Ressler continues to indicate out that shortly the slayer is trapped in a chronic rhythm of ego

stimulation through phantasy, increasing societal isolation followed by increased choler do to

more isolation and increases the trust on phantasy.

This sexual phantasy as pointed out by Albert Drukteinis in his work entitled

& # 8220 ; Contemporary Psychiatry: Consecutive Murder & # 8211 ; The Heart of Darkness, & # 8221 ; is the focal point of

most consecutive slayers desire for power. Drukteinis gives us a quotation mark from Ed Kemper, a

consecutive slayer from California. He described the functions of laterality, power and sex in his

ain sexual phantasies:

& # 8220 ; I have phantasies about mass slaying & # 8230 ; [ I ] do made passionate love to their dead

cadavers. Taking life off from them, & # 8230 ; and so holding ownership of everything that used

to be theirs. All that would be mine. Everything. & # 8221 ;

Conclusion-Is there a manner to foretell?

The FBI, over the past decennary has collected immense sums of information on the slayers

themselves, their motives and their methods. Unfortunately, to day of the month there is no certain

manner to place consecutive slayers before they strike. Most of the clip the slayer is stumbled

upon by chance by local constabulary or the FBI, harmonizing to Ressler. The Behavioral

Science Unit of the FBI has devoted much of their section to analyzing and trying

to understand these absorbing people. They have turned offense scene profiling, the

development of a consecutive slayer & # 8217 ; s description and features from grounds at the scene

of the offense, into a scientific discipline. Despite these promotions there is still much to be learned

about consecutive slayers. It is my sentiment, through my research, that it is impossible to develop

a fool-proof manner to foretell that a certain individual will go a consecutive slayer. As Holmes

and DeBurgers point out, many people who portion indistinguishable experiences as consecutive slayers do

in their childhood and immature maturity make non go consecutive slayers. Fortunately, the

information that the FBI has gathered has led to many speedy apprehensions of consecutive slayers and

has likely saved many lives. I am certain there will be many more promotions made in

old ages to come and we will see a lessening in the figure of active consecutive slayers and in

relation the figure of victims. I hope you have enjoyed this presentation and have

enjoyed a short glance into the universe of the consecutive slayer.

Bibliography

Introduction

Beginnings:

Gregg, Brian and Wilfred. The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers. 1988.

Holmes, Ronald M. & A ; De Burger, James. Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage. 1988.

Ressler, Robert. Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.

Worthington, Peter. & # 8220 ; The Journalist and the Killer. & # 8221 ; 1993.

Who Are They?

Common Traits

Beginnings:

Holmes, Ronald M. & A ; De Burger, James. Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage. 1988.

Ressler, Robert. Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.

Categorizations

Male

Beginnings:

FBI. & # 8220 ; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin: Violent Crime Issue. & # 8221 ; 1985.

Holmes, Ronald M. & A ; De Burger, James. Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage. 1988.

O & # 8217 ; Connor, Dr. Thomas R. Dept. of Justices Studies. & # 8220 ; Male Serial Killers & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; Female

Serial Killers. & # 8221 ; 4 October, 1999. .

Female

Beginnings:

Kelleher, M. & A ; C. Murder Most Rare: The Female Serial Killer. New york: Dell. 1998.

O & # 8217 ; Connor, Dr. Thomas R. Dept. of Justices Studies. & # 8220 ; Male Serial Killers & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; Female

Serial Killers. & # 8221 ; 4 October, 1999. .

Engagement

Beginnings:

O & # 8217 ; Connor, Dr. Thomas R. Dept. of Justices Studies. & # 8220 ; Male Serial Killers & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; Female

Serial Killers. & # 8221 ; 4 October, 1999. .

Why Are They?

Childhood

Beginnings:

FBI. & # 8220 ; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin: Violent Crime Issue. & # 8221 ; 1985.

Holmes, Ronald M. & A ; De Burger, James. Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage. 1988.

Langevin, Ron. & # 8220 ; The Serial Killer. & # 8221 ; In Ann Wolber Burgess ( Ed. ) , Rape and Sexual

Assault III: A Research Handbook, New York: Garland. 1991.

Ressler, Robert. Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.

Sexual Maltreatment

Beginnings:

Dubner, Steven J. & # 8220 ; Portrait of a Serial Killer. & # 8221 ; New York. 1992.

Orford, Jim. Excessive Appetites: A Psychological Position of Addictions. New York: John

Wiley & A ; Sons. 1985.

Ressler, Robert. Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.

Worthington, Peter. & # 8220 ; The Journalist and the Killer. & # 8221 ; 1993.

Fantasy

Beginnings:

Drukteinis, Albert M. & # 8220 ; Contemporary Psychiatry: Consecutive Murder & # 8211 ; The Heart of

Darkness. & # 8221 ; 1992.

Ressler, Robert. Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.

Decision

Beginnings:

Holmes, Ronald M. & A ; De Burger, James. Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage. 1988.

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