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Professional Athletes And Drug Use ( Penalties ) Essay, Research Paper

Malcolm Harvest

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Mrs. Skelly

English II

May 8, 1999

Professional Athletes and Drug Use ( Punishments )

This research paper is about jocks and their usage of drugs. The drug that is most

often used by jocks is alcohol. Most jocks who use drugs do non acquire the

penalty that they deserve alternatively they receive penalty that is excessively indulgent. The

punishments for professional jocks who use drugs are excessively indulgent, they should be more

severe.

Examples of drugs that are used by most jocks are the undermentioned: Anabolic

Steroids, Dietary addendums, Blood Doping, Stimulants, Narcotics and Corticosteroids,

and Alcohol. Anabolic steroids are used illicitly by jocks, to increase musculus mass

and strength. Anabolic steroids are besides called Androgenic-anabolic steroids. They get

their name from the Greek words & # 8220 ; Andro & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; Gennan & # 8221 ; which mean male bring forthing,

and & # 8220 ; Anabold & # 8221 ; which means to construct up. Anabolic steroids are chemically similar to the

male endocrine testosterone. The testicle, a male sex organ, produces this endocrine.

Anabolic steroids are normally injected into the testicle when taken or ingested in tablets.

Athletes who abuse Anabolic steroids exceed the natural degree of testosterone. Dietary

Athletes to replace or increase chemical or vitamins in the organic structure usage addendums.

Androstenedione is a endocrine pre-cursor that increases testosterone in the blood,

which increases musculus mass, strength, and power. Blood

doping is when excess blood is injected into a individual & # 8217 ; s venas to increase ruddy blood cells and

O. Endurance jocks, who need every bit much O as, largely use this drug.

For illustration endurance contest smugglers, tri-athletes, and decathlon participators.

Stimulations are drugs that are taken to rush up the cardinal nervous system. The most

Frequently used stimulation today is marijuana ; most jocks are normally caught in

ownership of this drug. Alcohol is a sedative that is used by jocks. A sedative is a

drug that slows down encephalon and organic structure reactions. & # 8220 ; Alcohol is the drug most often used

by athletes. & # 8221 ; 1

The effects of drugs on the users and those around them sometimes do non look

To be every bit bad as they truly are. The jocks play a critical function as function theoretical account for the states

immature people. As jocks they have duties to their athletics, teammates, fans, and most

significantly themselves. Professional athleticss are a workplace. Pro jocks are paid to play

their athleticss, merely as a physician is paid to handle his patients, a carpenter is paid to construct

houses and a truck driver is paid to drive his truck. Athletes have an illustration they must

set, but when they use drugs they fail at the illustration they set. Marijuana and Steroids

impact the human organic structure in assorted ways, which is what some jocks do non cognize.

Marijuana is an habit-forming drug. & # 8221 ; Marihuana smoke produces functional, structural,

And irreversible lung alterations in long term smokers. & # 8221 ; 2 Marijuana fume is more

damaging to the lungs than baccy fume. The effects of marihuana in psychopathology

evaluated conditions such as schizophrenic disorder and alcohol addiction. Steroid usage has many

long term effects. Calendar months to old ages of steroid maltreatment can take to liver tumours, asepsis

coronary arteria disease and increased aggression. In males shrinking of the testicle and

an addition in breast size are some side effects, and in females a lessening in chest size

and asepsis.

The grounds for drug usage by jocks are many, but the chief 1 is the field desire

to win. Anabolic steroids are used lawfully for skeletal and growing upsets for

certain types of anaemia and to countervail the negative effects of radiation and chemotherapy.

When most jocks turn up utilizing drugs, so most immature people think drugs are OK.

A medical diary says, & # 8221 ; Sports has become so unreal that it is difficult to state between

acceptable and unacceptable aids. & # 8221 ; 3 Some jocks take drugs for illnesss that show up

on drug trial these are instances when the drugs are inadvertent. Baseball star Darryl

Strawberry said that force per unit area from teammates to make cocaine. In many instances drug usage is

brought on by equal force per unit area, but it is still no alibi for the usage of drugs. Another ground

for drug usage might be because in certain athleticss drugs are non banned. In 1994 the Dietary

Supplement Education Act was passed which made substances that create testosterone

unclassified as a drug. Reason for higher gross revenues in addendums between this twelvemonth and last

twelvemonth were because many aces like Mark McGwire who is suspected to be taking

Androstenedione.

Most solutions of drugs usage should get down with the jock him or herself, but here

are a few methods of the National Drug Control Strategy ( NDCS ) . The NDCS has three

ends to contend against drugs. One end is to educate and enable America & # 8217 ; s young person to reject

illegal drugs every bit good as baccy and intoxicant. Another end is to cut down the wellness and

societal costs to the populace of illegal drug usage. The last end is to advance the national

acceptance of drug free workplace plans that emphasize a comprehensive plan that

includes drug testing, instruction, bar, and intercession. The high visibleness of the

professional athleticss, workplaces merely underscore the demand to do these drug-free topographic points.

& # 8220 ; Under the NDCS, ONDCP has an duty to back up drug-free workplaces no affair

whether the concern is hoops, banking or

baking” 4. Coachs are a really

of import portion of work outing jocks drug jobs. Coachs need to acknowledge jobs

early so they do non acquire out of manus. Most drug jobs in athleticss need the attending of a

manager. Which is why the manager must be really cognizant of all his or her participants.

The punishments of drug are more than merely being sentenced in tribunal. They besides have

long term effects, such as illness and disease legal jobs and possibly even decease. The

usage of marihuana is a drug maltreatment and should be as such in all ways. This statement is do to

fact of the things that we see on telecasting when professional jocks are caught with

marihuanas most people consider it non to be such a large trade. When yet in world it is a

job that should be taken more earnestly than it should. When immature people see these events

go oning on telecasting they take as a mark that its Oklahoma to be caught with marihuana there is

non much that can go on to them. That is why these jobs should be taken attention of in

a more serious mode than that of the yesteryear. In recent old ages Chinese adult females have set

singular universe records ; with 19 Chinese swimmers holding tested positive for drugs

already this decennary, the U.S. federation would wish the drug regulations to be made even

tougher. This is non such a bad thought, if drug regulations were made tougher it would filtrate out

jocks who use drugs and do room for those jocks who work hard become the best

alternatively of those who prefer to take the easy manner out. Not merely will tougher drug regulations

aid out those jocks who chose to be all & # 8220 ; natural & # 8221 ; , but it will put an illustration for the

younger coevals, and allow them cognize that these things will no longer be tolerated. In

March, 1996 Pittsburgh Steelers running back Byron & # 8220 ; Bam & # 8221 ; Morris was indicted, for

ownership of cocaine and marihuana. He spent a twosome of months in prison, but was

shortly released and back on the field. Although be convicted for this offense, made participants,

managers, and fans lose some of the religion in the participant they had one time cheered and rooted

for. Athletes should cognize that with the usage of drugs come many effects. Like an

incident in Dallas, Texas, with America & # 8217 ; s supposed squad. Besides in March of 1996 Dallas

Cowboy & # 8217 ; s star broad receiving system Michael Irvin who is besides the all-time taking receiving system in

Dallas Cowboy history, was indicted with a felony charge for ownership of four gms

of cocaine. Besides with this came consequences Mr. Irvin lost a batch of money and a batch of

trust. It besides took him off from the game he so loved. In the following season he missed over

half the season and when he came back he did non have such a warm welcome from his

fans. Although these effects are great, the greatest effect of all is decease. Len

Bias was a NBA ace until decease because of the usage of stimulations. Dwight Gooden of

the New York Mets was besides a instance in which he was taken off from the athletics he besides

loved because of an intoxicant job he was suspended from baseball. Another

effect would be embarrassment, and none would likely cognize it better than

path star Ben Johnson who was the fastest adult male alive in the 1988 Olympics until he

tested positive for steroids and shortly after his gold decoration was revoked.

From the information above reader & # 8217 ; s should be better informed about dangers and

wagess from the usage of drugs. Although sometimes they might acquire away with in the long

tally they will endure the effects. The punishments for professional jocks who use

drugs are excessively indulgent they should be more terrible. Although at this clip the punishments do

non look to be going more terrible, but when in fact they truly are, and they will acquire

worse as clip progresses.

Bibliography

& # 8220 ; Marijuana Problems Summarized & # 8221 ; Internet

Chicago Tribune, & # 8220 ; Steelers & # 8217 ; Morris Indicted on Drug Charges, & # 8221 ; March 27,1996

Associated Press, & # 8220 ; Cowboys & # 8217 ; Irvin Is Indicted, & # 8220 ; Kansas City Star, April 2, 1996

Galas, Judith Drugs and Sports San Diego: Lucent Books 1997

Roan, Shari & # 8221 ; Addendums Deriving Muscle & # 8221 ; Los Angeles Times April 12, 1999

Shapiro, Harry Facts on Drugs and Sport New York: Franklin Watts 1989

& # 8220 ; Where Athletics Fits In The National Drug Control Strategy & # 8221 ; Internet

& # 8220 ; Drug Problems In Sports & # 8221 ; Video

& # 8220 ; Athletes and Steroids & # 8220 ; Mayo Clinic Health Letter V. 1, no.9-September & # 8216 ; 94 Internet

Dolan, Edward F. Jr. Drugs In Sports United States: Franklin Watts, 1986

Notes

1.Judith Galas Drugs and Sports ( San Diego: Lucent Books, 1997 ) p.61

2.An international conference held at New York School of Medicine & # 8221 ; Marijuana Problems Summarized ( New York: Charles Mott Foundation, March 20-21,1998 ) Internet

3.A medical diary & # 8220 ; Daily Telegraph & # 8221 ; ( ? Daily Telegraph, Aug. 7,1998 )

4.National Drug Control Strategy ( United States, 1999 ) p.1 of 2

63c

& # 8220 ; Marijuana Problems Summarized & # 8221 ; Internet

Chicago Tribune, & # 8220 ; Steelers & # 8217 ; Morris Indicted on Drug Charges, & # 8221 ; March 27,1996

Associated Press, & # 8220 ; Cowboys & # 8217 ; Irvin Is Indicted, & # 8220 ; Kansas City Star, April 2, 1996

Galas, Judith Drugs and Sports San Diego: Lucent Books 1997

Roan, Shari & # 8221 ; Addendums Deriving Muscle & # 8221 ; Los Angeles Times April 12, 1999

Shapiro, Harry Facts on Drugs and Sport New York: Franklin Watts 1989

& # 8220 ; Where Athletics Fits In The National Drug Control Strategy & # 8221 ; Internet

& # 8220 ; Drug Problems In Sports & # 8221 ; Video

& # 8220 ; Athletes and Steroids & # 8220 ; Mayo Clinic Health Letter V. 1, no.9-September & # 8216 ; 94 Internet

Dolan, Edward F. Jr. Drugs In Sports United States: Franklin Watts, 1986

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