Poverty In The South Essay, Research Paper
Poverty is a planetary job, and it has existed from the beginning
of civilisation. Hunger, homelessness, and deficiency of wellness attention are major
facets of this global
quandary. Many states are in complete poorness and a bulk are
third-world states. Within the United States of America, a land of
plentifulness, there are besides pockets of utmost poorness. Governments around the
universe are seeking to work out this immense job. Third universe poorness and
Appalachian poorness, which occurred in the United States of America, have
developed for assorted grounds, and these state of affairss have led to a great
trade of jobs.
Throughout the universe, poorness has plagued all states. In smaller,
under-developed states many people die from famishment. These states
can non afford to back up their citizens. Due to their fiscal jobs,
the people lack proper shelter and vesture to maintain themselves warm during
cold months. Since they lack equal shelter and vesture, diseases occur
all over. These diseases develop a batch easier with hapless nutrition. Once
once more with more fiscal jobs, wellness attention is limited to none.
Lawrence Senesh, the subscriber of & # 8220 ; Poverty as a Social Problem & # 8221 ; from
World Book, says poorness is normally caused by the trouble in keeping and
even acquiring a occupation ( 650 ) . Ability, instruction, and accomplishments help find the
sort of occupation an single gets ( 650 ) .
Everyone does non hold the same physical abilities and mental abilities.
Poor wellness and abilities prevent some people from keeping a occupation. Through
scientific discipline people have been able to keep onto occupations a batch easier ( 650 ) . It has
increased the demand for professional workers and lowered the demand for the
unskilled ( 650 ) . So, the people with higher instruction will acquire paid a
higher income, and people with lower instruction will acquire paid a lower
income. Changes in economic slacks can frequently convey poorness. When
concerns drop off and production diminutions people lose occupations without
warning ( 650 ) . Poverty is besides caused by societal conditions, such as racial
favoritism ( Blacks, Asians, and Mexicans ) ( 650 ) . White persons are normally
the 1s who do the discriminating ( 650 ) .
There are a assortment of third-world states in the universe. A 3rd
universe state is a state that is economically down and continues to
grieve. Examples of 3rd universe states are Bosnia, Hungary, Austria,
Romania, and Somalia. The United States of
America, the richest state in the universe, has its portion of poorness
( Senesh650a ) . Granted, American poorness is no lucifer to 3rd universe
poorness, but for such a comfortable state it is pretty sad. Most 3rd
universe states do non hold societal security or public assistance ( 650a ) . So, the
people of those states have no income to maintain themselves traveling. Even
America does hold both societal security and public assistance, this state still has
many homeless and hungering people.
Appalachia includes 13 provinces, runing from southern New York to
eastern Mississippi ( 650a ) . About 18 million people live in
Appalachia. In March, 1965, the
United States Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Redevelopment Act.
The statute law was designed chiefly to make more occupations by pulling
tourers and industries. It provided financess and made the country more
accessible. Fundss besides were made available
for new schools and wellness installations, land and mine renewal, and
lumber and H2O preservation.
The poorness in America will non be solved all at one time ( 650a ) .
Simply making occupations will non assist extinguish poorness because there are some
people who are handicapped and merely can non work ( 650a ) . The authorities
societal public assistance plans help to add income to many people ( 650a ) . These
people could be the retired, unemployed, handicapped, or widowed ( 650a ) . In
order to assist the less fortunate, the people that are employed are taxed to
raise money to pay for societal security and other benefits ( 650a ) . For the
higher income workers revenue enhancements are higher, and for lower income workers revenue enhancements
are lower. Michael Winerip stated in & # 8220 ; What & # 8217 ; s a Nice Jewish Lawyer Like
John Rosenberg Doing in Appalachia? & # 8221 ; from New York Times Magazine, that
Rosenberg left Washington to travel to Kentucky ; he rapidly realized that the
land was barren. A land that was one time big
for its clip is now a huge measure of nil ( Winerip25 ) . In the picture
tape & # 8220 ; Applachian Poverty & # 8221 ; directed by Susan Jones, she shows how runned down
Applachia truly is.
The authorities has been seeking to extinguish poorness for decennaries. In
1946 an employment act was passed ( Senesh 650a ) . This act charges the
federal authorities to
maintain the economic stableness of the United States of America ( Senesh 650a ) .
The manner the authorities has tried to diminish the poorness degree is by
increasing in goods and
services ( 650a ) . Since the mid-1940 & # 8217 ; s, poorness has been reduced about one
per cent a twelvemonth, which is a normal growing rate ( 650a ) . Some other ways
that could assist this huge country is for the people to get down refarming the
land, which is stated in the book Justice Catholic Faith at Work in the
World by Gustatson and Wilkins ( 42 ) . Sandra Decosta provinces in & # 8220 ; Head Start
Restarts hope in Rural W. Virginia & # 8221 ; from Children Today that schools are
being built and instruction is being spread. Although Applachia is plumeting
economically, the psyche and hope of the people are still booming, which is
found in the article & # 8220 ; In the Heart of Applachia & # 8221 ; from National Geographic
By Jeannie Ralston.
The United States of America is a land of plentifulness and America is known
for its freedom and advantages. With all these possibilities to win,
America has its ain shame. Sadly plenty, poorness has struck this state.
The largest pocket of poorness is found in a part called Appalachia. As
written by D. McGraw in & # 8220 ; Signs of hope in Appalachia & # 8221 ;
from U.S. News and World Report. Although Appalachian poorness is a large
issue in the United States, it was a batch worse about thirty-years ago ( 62 ) .
States authorities has pumped 14 million dollars into Appalachia ( 63 ) .
Majority of the money is used to repair up run down edifices, communities,
and main roads ( Senesh 650a ) . In the beginning of the 1960 & # 8217 ; s, 30 per centum
of Appalachia was in poorness. Thankss to the authorities support, poorness
has decreased from 30 per centum to fifteen per centum ( 62 ) . Although much as
changed, Ron Ellen, a adult male that McGraw inquiries, quotation marks, & # 8221 ; & # 8230 ; when you get
back into the communities that are off the beaten path, you find
conditions that have changed little from the 1960 & # 8217 ; s ( 62 ) . & # 8221 ; Another one of
the biggest jobs in
Appalachia is the unemployment. In West Virginia entirely, eight per centum of
the people are unemployed ( McGraw 63 ) . The sad thing is that it is the
best it has been in the past 20 old ages, and West Virginia is considered
to be the lowest unemployed province in Appalachia ( 63 ) . The economic
development of Appalachia is highly uneven ( Mcgraw 62 ) . Thingss that
aid these little town are attempts like Dollywood ( 62 ) . A assortment of things
were done to assist take down the unemployment rate. One of import point is the
large industries, like computing machine mills, that came into the country. The
authorities has been making a batch to diminish unemployment. They have been
making authorities occupations for the people, a plan which began in the late
1980 & # 8217 ; s. In fact, they set up a Federal Buerau of
Ivestigation fingerprinting edifice that employs two 1000 six hundred
people in West Virginia ( Mcgraw 63 ) . Companies have flourished in this
country. About 70 top package companies have entered the country since
1990 ( Mcgraw 63 ) . Over a 1000 occupants have been employees in
package and research ( 63 ) . Seventy Se
ven indicate nine million dollars were
used to construct 70 per centum more houses in 1994, which was raised by the
federal authorities ( 63 ) .
The primary manner to take down unemployment is to promote hereafter
coevalss to acquire an instruction. The high schools today must be upgraded
to run into the hereafter needs of our state. In high schools and colleges
across the state all pupils must be aquentied with the computing machine. Today,
the computing machine is used for many intents from simple spreadsheet to
architectural designs. Another technological progress is the cyberspace. The
cyberspace is about a compulsory trade good today. The whole universe is
connected by the cyberspace.
The cyberspace connects many big and little companies. In Virginia, seven
hundred out of eight 100s and 70 three high schools have connected
to the cyberspace as we
attack the terminal of 1997 ( McGraw63 ) . If the instruction is upgraded, people
will acquire more occupations and/or higher paying occupations ( 63 ) . The Appalachian
Regional Commission says that 70 seven per centum of 18 to
24 twelvemonth olds have completed high school ( McGraw63 ) .
The bishops say in article & # 8220 ; Bishops speak out on behalf of
Appalachia & # 8221 ; from Christian Century, & # 8221 ; Poverty is merely every bit bad as it was
twenty old ages ago ( Bishops6 ) . & # 8221 ; In the new pastoral, bishops say that the
natural environment and its people depend on planetary environmental alteration
( Bishops 6 ) . This alteration is holding a great impact on the Appalachian
part, from New York to Mississippi ( 6 ) . Reasons for the alteration involve
the shutting of big concern and the cutting down of woods ( 6 ) . The new
economic system is altering the Appalachian part into a more
technological country ( 6 ) . A bishop provinces:
With the diminution of excavation and other blue-collar
employment & # 8230 ; local
authoritiess are tempted to depends on refuse dumping and new
prisons as their lone beginning of gross and new
occupations & # 8230 ; Appalachia
is at a hamlets where a pick must be made between
development ( 6 ) .
The outside part is seeking do Appalachia into an out-of-state
garbage-wasteland ( 6 ) . Proposals besides have been made to set countless
prisons into the country ( 6 ) . The excavation
workers and bluish neckband employers are being dumped off like waste ( 6 ) .
Sullivan of Richmond, Virginia says, & # 8221 ; we are handling the hapless the manner we
handle the land ( 6 ) . & # 8221 ; The people of Appalachia should be treated through
engineering since they are besides
consumers of this land we call & # 8220 ; land of plentifulness & # 8221 ; ( 6 ) . The bishops are
assisting out the Farmers Budget and following woods to assist maintain Appalachia
a better topographic point ( 6 ) . Many besides say that the land should be used for helpful
things, non uneconomical things ( 6 ) . The bishops who all signed the statement
were: Cardinal William Keeler of Baltimore, Archbishop John Donoghue of
Atlanta, Archbishop Daniel Pilarczyk of Cincinnati, Archbishop Thomas Kelly
of Louisville, Bishop William Curlin of Charlotte, North Carolina, and
Bishop William Hughes of Covington, Kentucky.
Although the Appalachian country is known for its poorness job,
Jeffery Damron who wrote & # 8220 ; Traveling Back to Appalachia & # 8221 ; from Newsweek,
considers it a beautiful topographic point and something he calls place ( 16 ) . Because
of the down roads and low tally communities, it is no admiration Appalachia has
the stereotype it has ( Damron16 ) . Appalachia is non merely a hapless waste
land. It is an developing country waiting for the hereafter to get. It
has high mountains and highly soft air currents which make life there
beautiful. The wood of
Appalachia is a major centre of the United States ( 16 ) . & # 8220 ; Bark bombers and
fly minders tell a narrative of Appalachia & # 8221 ; which was written by Jeannie Ralston
in Smithsonian, states that she
notices that advancement has found the mountain country, and that the
life is easier and more romantic ( Ralston45 ) . With the broad unfastened land this
country is unfastened for the hereafter. Peoples are get downing to travel into this country,
looking for what promises to be a bright hereafter ( 16 ) . Appalachia contains
one of the biggest metropoliss in the universe. New York City is the centre of
universe activity. Tendencies are started and developed New York City ( 16 ) .
Despite the fact that Appalachia is high in poorness, it has one of the
lowest offense rates in the United States. It is a fantastic topographic point to populate
and raise a household ( 16 ) . With the broad unfastened Fieldss and spreads, it makes
for a peaceable topographic point to populate. When the seasons hit the Appalachian
Mountains, it is beautiful ( 16 ) . In fall the foliages turn a ruddy and gold
colourss that light up the hillsides. The mountain ranges run on forever ( 16 ) .
Political scientists say that poorness state of affairss could take to
hostile actions against the authorities ( Senesh 650 ) . The authorities is
normally blamed for the poors & # 8217 ; jobs. As quoted by anthropologists and
sociologists & # 8220 ; Poverty breeds Poverty & # 8221 ; ( 650 ) . Children that are raised in a
hapless environment are normally destined to be hapless for all their lives. Many
grownups become highly demoralized. Due to the fact that they can & # 8217 ; t keep
onto a occupation, these people lose all self-respect and self-respect ( 650-650a ) .
Finally they become associated with being hapless. This leads to their
kids desiring to stay hapless ( 650a ) .
With the younger coevalss desiring to stay hapless, it operates like a
concatenation reaction ; taking to 100s and 100s of people in poorness.
Given all of the facts mentioned above, it is easy to see that the universe
and America has a bigger job on their custodies than they realize. The
causes of poorness come from many different factors. It might be related to
the natural development of civilisation. There are ways to work out this
quandary, and it will take some clip to decide. If this job is
solved shortly the whole universe could thrive in the hereafter, but if non the
whole universe could go through away in dearth.
Appalachian Poverty. Dir. Susan Jones. 1997.
Bishop. & # 8220 ; Bishops speaks out on behalf of Appalachia. & # 8221 ; The Christian Century
3 January 1996: 6.
Damron, Jeffery. & # 8220 ; Traveling Back to Appalachia. & # 8221 ; Newsweek 19 October 1992: 16.
DeCosta, Sandra. & # 8220 ; Head Start Restarts hope in Rural W. Virginia. & # 8221 ; Children
Gustatson Ph.D, Janie, and Ronald Wilkins. Justice Catholic Faith at Work
in the World
McGraw, D. & # 8220 ; Signs of Hope in Appalachia. & # 8221 ; U.S. News and World Report
6 May 1996: 62-63.
Ralston, Jeannie. & # 8220 ; Bark bombers and fly minders tell a narrative of
Appalachia. & # 8221 ; Smithsonian
February 1996: 44-53.
Ralston, Jeannie. & # 8220 ; In the Heart of Appalachia. & # 8221 ; National Geographic
February 1993: 112.
Senesh Lawerence. & # 8220 ; Poverty as a Social Problem. & # 8221 ; World Book 1977: 650-650a.
Winerip, Michael. & # 8220 ; What & # 8217 ; s a nice Judaic attorney like John Rosenberg making in
Appalachia? & # 8221 ; New York Times Magazine 29 June 1997:25-27.
Thesis statement: Third universe poorness and Appalachian poorness, which
occurred in the
United States of America, have come about for
assorted grounds, and
these state of affairss have led to a great trade of
I. Global poorness
A. Third universe poorness
1. Lack of Social Security
2. Lack of nutrition
3. Lack of fiscal stableness
B. First universe poorness
1. New York
2. West Virginia
II. United States of America poorness
A. Cause of poorness
2. Racial dicrimination
B. Effectss of poorness
1. National shame
2. More poorness
C. Resolution to poverty
1. Better instruction
2. Improve engineering
-Visit hypertext transfer protocol: //cube.icestorm.net/freereports/main.htm for more free
studies and essays-