Bacterias are one celled microorganism that get their foods fro their environment to populate eg: The human organic structure. Bacteria causes infections and can reproduce either interior or outside the organic structure.
Viruss are pieces of nucleic acid ( DNA or RNA ) wrapped in a thin coat of protein. Viruss need to be inside populating cells to turn and reproduce. They do non last long unless they are inside a living thing eg: individual. works or animate being. This is called a host.
Fungus kingdoms are multi celled works like beings. They can non do their ain nutrient. alternatively acquiring their nutrition from workss. people and animate beings.
Parasites may be protozoa. barms or multi cellular beings like Fungis or worms. that unrecorded interior or on their host to obtain nutriment without supplying any benefit to their host.
Bacterial infections – sore pharynxs ( tonsillitis. strep pharynx ) . ear infections. pneumonia Viral infections – Chickenpox. Measles. Flu. HIV
Fungal infections – Athletes pes. Thrush
Parasitic infections – Scabies. Malaria. Legionnaires Disease. Dysentery. Ringing Worm
Infection begins when an being successfully ‘colonises’ by come ining the organic structure. turning and multiplying.
Localised infection is an infection that is in a specific portion or part of
the organic structure. while Systemic infection in one that affects the whole organic structure. normally going by blood or lymph.
Inadequate manus rinsing. non have oning PPE. non following proper nutrient readying guidelines. deficiency of hazard appraisals. and staff non following processs and wrong disposal of waste are all hapless practises that may take to the spread of infection.
OUTCOME 2 UNDERSTAND THE TRANSMITION OF INFECTION
Most micro-organisms require nutrient. heat. wet. O and clip in orger to turn and multiply.
An morbific agent my enter the organic structure by inspiration. consumption or sexual transmition. The morbific agent may come in on the manus or other parts of the organic structure where there are cuts or sores or broken tegument.
Common beginnings of infection can include direct tegument to clamber contact. organic structure fluids. human waste and blood. Droplets can be produced by coughing or sneezing and be carried through the air or dust. Infections can besides be carried in H2O or with via contact with animate beings.
Transmition of morbific agents can be direct. for illustration individual to individual. or indirect eg: by H2O. nutrient. animate beings or in the air.
Cardinal factors that make infection more likely are if person has low unsusceptibility. s in immature babes. kids or the aged. Peoples who already have low unsusceptibility because of other wellness jobs. or if you have unfastened cuts or lesions and come in to reach with an septic individual.