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This essay analyzes the movie of La strada ( 1954 ) from the position of Camera Movement, the Long Take or Depth and Narrative Construction. It foremost discusses the theory, the content about Camera Movement and the motion lens in the movie. Following this, this paper explains the content and functionality of Long Take for a movie. Besides, it analyzes the Long Take senses in the movie of La strada. Finally, it looks at the Narrative Construction of this movie

Situation analysis

La strada is an Italian movie in 1954. The manager of this movie is Federico Fellini. This movie is a representative plant at the turning point of the post-war Italy. In add-on, new pragmatism transits the chef-d’oeuvre into a new cabal of modernism. As a consequence, it is necessary to present this movie and its shot and bring forthing procedure. Federico Fellini every bit good as Ingmar Bergman and Tarkovsky Andetaer are named the three of modern movie are in the universe, who obtained the most highest reputes in the European movie art. The temper of La strada is depression and its manner is naturalism. Federico Fellini uses camera motion alterations, long return, and narrative building to show clear and delicate feelings, visual aspect and psychological of characters, and scenes in the movie.

Reason for taking three subjects

This essay will analyse the three subjects in the movie of La strada: Camera Movement, the Long Take or Depth and Narrative Construction. The grounds of taking these three subjects chiefly go as followerss ( Andre Bazin, 2004 ) : First, Camera Movement changes the construction of form, the chief organic structure of the screen and the environment in gesture. It forms a sort of beat in the motion of the screen, and becomes a powerful tool for the image of patterning formal beauty. Second, the biggest characteristic of the Long Take lies in its intervention of the reality-natural, life and emotions as a signifier of artistic look. However, utilizing the Long Shots in the movie can keep the overall consequence to maintain secret plan infinite, clip, unity and integrity. Meanwhile, it can be the realistic reproduction of images to increase truthfully the movie ‘s credibleness, strength and entreaty. It besides can render the ambiance and preferment mental activity of figures. The Long Shots can organize a comparatively complete lens paragraphs, and express continuity unity and genuineness of space-time better. Third, the movie is a narrative art which can be made by agencies of narrative signifier. The narrative construction plays a critical function in a movie, because it is an of import foundation for the spectator to get the aesthetic pleasance from the movie and comprehend the basic picture characteristics and manner of the movie. Narrative building will straight impact the content look of the movie and win over the audience. Analysis of the movie narrative building can break hold on the context of narrative and look of content.

Camera Motion

Camera Movement refers to altering the flight, the lens focal length or the optical axis after the lens during the shooting procedure. It has a alone appeal on the lens of the public presentation in the ocular rendition ( Andre Bazin, 2004 ) . The Camera Movement can pull the audience into the movie event and the ocular sense of struggle. Meanwhile, it may assist to demo the scenes and size of action to stand out the cardinal dramatic secret plan in public presentation and give prominence to the interior universe of character. Besides, it can make a peculiar temper, atmosphere and the beat of the movie ; and construct the organic links between the two dramatic elements to uncover the implicit in intension of the scene. Some ocular effects that Camera Movement produces will straight reflect in the most concealed nucleus encephalon of humanity and impact the psychological temper of people.

Camera Movement chiefly includes the undermentioned sorts: First, it is push the lens. It refers to the camera easy traveling frontward, but the lens of the exposure object remains unchanged on the state of affairs place. The primary function of such lens is traveling to foreground the chief organic structure, which can roll up concentrated ocular attending of audiences, strengthen ocular experience and consequence in a expression province. Second, it is pull the lens ( Christian Derichs, Heinrich Niemann,2006 ) . Pulling the lens is to play the primary function in accounting the environment people. The picture taking moves will go forth the exposure object from near and far. The photo objects can alter into little to increase bit by bit the distance with the audience. Third, it is agitate the lens. It attracts some people ‘s eyes along the way of the object, which has a alone map in depicting the infinite of the environment. Audiences may bring forth immersive feeling by exposing the drawn-out scene one by one. Fourth, switch the lens. It means that the camera is able to develop for skiding lens along the horizontal way, which is similar to the province of looking off in life. Switching the lens can besides interrupt the restrictions of the screen, expand the skylines of infinite and prefer a wide life state of affairs. Fifth, follow with the lens. It has a peculiarly strong feeling across the room. Furthermore, it is suited for the public presentation of the uninterrupted character motion and look or the item alterations.

In a word, forcing lens, drawing lens and switching lens have different maps in the movie. Pushing lens can foreground the chief character and his image. Furthermore, forcing lens can emphasize the of import fortunes of movie, which can present the relationship between chief characters and environment. Pulling lens can play a function in feelings look, which use in terminal of lens and passage lens. Switching lens can alter ocular effects of audience, which can be include more ocular information through little scene.

The lens of movie La strada at remainder is rare. All sorts of Camera Movement appear in the movie. The development of Camera Movement can heighten the engineering degree of the movie and beef up the originative manner of taking it. Zampano sends some apparels, places and others to Gelsomina for the first clip to learn her membranophones. This subdivision uses the forcing lens. The hiting scope extends in the partial inside informations of chief portion from large to little. These inside informations represent the cruel of Zampano to do the whole image become clearer. The agitating camera that is manifested in the scene of Gelsomina leaves the ownership of Zampano for the first clip. She has no topographic point to travel so that she has to rest at the wayside. This movie uses the agitating lens to demo the surrounding environment, which helps the audiences to understand the surrounding environment ( Robert Stam, 2000 ) . The black environment suggests the suffering life of Gelsomina. At the terminal of this movie, Zampano wantonnesss Gelsomina and drives off to go forth Gelsomina entirely in the snow bank. Zampano drives to acquire bit by bit out of the audience ‘s sight scope. This scene uses the pull lens. The solitariness and stagnant ambiance makes audiences exclaim over the tragic destiny of Gelsomina. Besides, the movie uses the accomplishments such as drawing lens, agitating lens and switching lens.

Long Take

Because of the fondness of neo-realism movie motion in Italy, the Long Take has farther developed, which refers to exhibiting an event or a paragraph unit inside one lens ( Robert Lapsley, Michael Westlake, 2006 ) . The Long Take presents the natural world on the screen through the uninterrupted real-time motion to make a alone documental manner. That is to state, people continue to hit a scene to organize a comparatively complete lens paragraph in the long clip ( up to 10 proceedingss ) . The content of a lens consequences from one shooting off to the boot. The lens that has more than 30 seconds, which is normally called The Long Take.

The Long Take is more tolerant of the needed content to go a montage sentence, which is different from the shirt lens to exchange from a figure of groups to do a short collage sentence. There is no clear and unvarying demand for its length.

A Long Return refers to uninterrupted lens for a period of clip, which occupies a long lens. The followers is the elaborate analysis of a Long Return from three facets. Above all, it is the clip point of the camera. The picture taking of a Long Take may take a longer period, by and large 30 seconds or more, sometimes up to 10 proceedingss, because it is the uninterrupted mode with a longer lens for a scene. It can repair exposure for a long flight record in the early movies, this accomplishment is called “fixed long shot” ( Francesco Casetti, 1999 ) . Besides, it besides can travel the camera along the push-pull pan with a long shooting that is the alleged “movement long shot.” Then, it is the position of the movie composing. In the Long Take, there are more senses and positions of other alterations. It changes the composing from the point of angle, visible radiation, shadow accommodation, the environment and atmosphere through the motion lens. Besides, it is the position of the performed content. The Long Take can exhibit an event or even a paragraph in a full class through the internal motion of the lens, which plays the same consequence in a group of collage shootings. The Long Take includes the fixed-length lens, deepness of field long lens and athleticss long shooting to unify all form motions. It seems to be natural flow and full of alterations in the image ( Robert Lapsley, Michael Westlake, 2006 ) . The Long Take doing a assortment of angles and senses non merely exhibits the environment to give prominence to audiences, but besides make the histrions have the to the full executing freedom. This may lend to the continuity of character emotions, and do of import actions to be full of dramatic degree or completed. The Long Take has a strong temporal and spacial pragmatism because the incident will non sabotage the development of the spacial and temporal coherency.

The most typical Long Take of La strada is Zampano occasional “fool” on the main road, and they play together the killed “fool” at last. Gelsomina could no longer bear onslaughts so that she did non eat and imbibe. Furthermore, Zampano did non desire to allow her travel on. Gelsomina put down their usual slumber shreds, but Zampano packets her old apparels, labels on her side, and so drives off. Meanwhile, Zampano abandoned Gelsomina in the hidden snow. Gelsomina had to kip in the abandoned wall, but Car was driving more and more distant and melting off at last. However, the freeze-frames full screen in The Long Take about gives a sad feeling, which demonstrates Gelsomina ‘s infatuation resentment. She can non stand the simple and barbarous street life that cipher needs without emotion. When she witness that immature people have been beaten to decease, who could walk a tightrope, learn her many sensuous things being familiar with pleasance, and eventually decease in a alone small town the psyche will be hit. Therefore, there is the other Long Take in this movie.

Narrative building

Film is a narrative art. Narrative construction plays a critical function in a movie. The narrative construction of movie is more complex than composing construction ( Labov, William, 2006 ) . Meanwhile, it requires more sophisticated event agreements and the set up of secret plan for creative persons. The characteristics non merely hold a causal relationship or really near strong narrative component, but besides the apparently helter-skelter and loose movie. All sorts of movie need the support of its ain narrative construction, merely as people can non lose the support of bone.

Narrative construction besides refers to the method of stating narrative. That is how the film writer and the manager speak out a meat in the most attractive manner ( Deacon, A. , Morrison, A. , & A ; Stadler, J. 2005 ) . As for the theory of narrative, there are two different ways to understand. The first 1 is to state narratives. It emphasizes on the types of narrative. The 2nd 1 is the methods of stating narratives, which contains a manner of manager. Peoples should observe the narrative construction of the movie to compose a basic cognition of the narrative to hold on the basic subject of a movie.

La strada uses the narrative narrative construction. The chief content is a barbarous sphere juggle Hercules, and a simple-minded scene among the predicament of stateless adult females. Mentally retarded miss Gelsomina sold to the rolling creative person Zampano by her female parent and acted as a calling entertainer so that Gelsomina and Zampano had to populate together. In add-on, the powerful build and personality of Zampano set a powerful image in her head. This made her emotionally and spiritually rely on the feeling. Zampano had natural violent, being deficiency of sense and esthesia of ordinary people. Therefore, Gelsomina chose to go forth to show their choler. Gelsomina was tired of this sort of rolling life. She took the chance to get away when Zampano went out to happen a adult female one dark. On the route, she encountered the isolated high-wire creative persons executing “fool” . Then, Zampano would catch up and recapture Gelsomina back. Circus boss illusion hoped that Zampano and “fool” would take part in their ain theatre on the same phase. After the public presentation ended, “fool” pulled up the piano that attracted the attending of Gelsomina, and she immersed in Pieces. The “fool” did non desire to stir up problem, and ever kept their distance with Gelsomina. However, “fool” wanted to execute with Gelsomina. This portion draws the battles between Zampano and “fool” .

The consequence is that Zampano is in gaol and “fool” . Gelsomina wanted to walk together with “Fool” . Meanwhile, there was no look when Zampano went out of the prison gate and met with Gelsomina. They continued rolling public presentations. When Gelsomina asked Zampano whether he would get married her, Zampano did non care about Zampano occasional “fool” on the main road. Gelsomina could no longer bear onslaughts, so she did non eat and imbibe. Then, Zampano did non desire to take her traveling on, picketed her old apparels, labels on her side, and so drove off. Gelsomina put down their usual slumber shred. Finally, Zampano went back to a little town with the circus, and on occasion heard the vocal that Gelsomina had sung. He found that a immature adult female was singing, who told Zampano that Gelsomina shortly passed off after making this town. However, when Zampano performed the stunt chest broken ironss one time once more, he would go really machinery and ne’er have the same feelings as the yesteryear. He walks easy like a lost psyche, and rummy in saloon, knocked to the land.


To sum up, this paper analyzes the movie of La strada from the three facets of Camera Movement, the Long Take or Depth and Narrative Construction. This movie starts withdrawing from the neo-realism. It is celebrated as an graphics at the turning point in post-war Italy, because it takes the first measure in the bosom of the aesthetic position, the anti-dramatic of persons with the accomplishments and anti-plot.

Andre Bazin ( 2004 ) , what is Cinema ( Volume I I ) , University of California imperativeness.

Christian Derichs, Heinrich Niemann ( 2006 ) , Managing Camera Movement Constraints in Reinforcement Learning Based Active Object Recognition, Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, ISSN 0302-9743.

Deacon A. , Morrison, A. & A ; Stadler, J. ( 2005 ) , design for larning through multimodal production: Film narrative and spectatorship in Director ‘s Cut, International Journal of Education and Development utilizing ICT [ Online ] , 1 ( 1 ) .

Francesco Casetti ( 1999 ) , Theories of Cinema, 1945-1990, Austin: University of Texas Press.

Labov, William ( 2006 ) , Narrative pre-construction, Narrative Inquiry, Volume 16, Number 1, pp. 37-45 ( 9 ) .

Robert Lapsley, Michael Westlake ( 2006 ) , Film theory: an debut, Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Robert Stam ( 2000 ) , Film Theory: an debut, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

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