A Cry Still Unheard: The Menace Of Female Foeticide In India “I am girl of India. I am like your girls who are playing in your premises. who are conveying awards to the state like Sunita Williams. Kiran Bedi. Kalpana Chawla. Sania Mirza etc. But there is a difference between me and all of you as I have been killed in the uterus of my female parent itself. ”
Once in our lives. most of us must hold heard that a kid is a ‘gift’ from God. Though whatever biological science may propose. it is non an uncommon sight in India to see twosomes praying to be blessed with a kid. But about half of India. no longer considers it a approval if that kid happens to be a miss. The approval shortly becomes a expletive and the ‘precious gift’ is done off with every bit shortly as possible before widening another demand to God. that of a ‘male’ kid. The making off frequently includes either being ‘given’ in matrimony to another yearling ( or in some instances. to work forces twice or even thrice their age ) or worse. murdering her even before she can take one free breath. Of late. engineering seems to hold facilitated this devilish slaughter even before the birth of the kid in the signifier of female foeticide. The term female foeticide means killing the female fetus in the mother’s uterus. 24th September is celebrated as the International Girl Child Day.
When we celebrate advancement. we know that it has been excessively slow. More than 50 year of independency. it is still a women’s face we see when we speak of poorness. of HIV/AIDS. of violent struggles and societal turbulence. Let us asseverate one time once more that each adult females and miss is a alone and at the same clip valuable human being. who is entitled to equal chances and universally adopted human rights. no affair where she is born or where she lives.
Harmonizing to the Indian authorities. 10 million misss have been killed. either before or instantly after birth. by their parents over the past twosome of decennaries despite a jurisprudence that the authorities enacted that prohibitions scan trials calculating the sex of the babe in the uterus. The United Nations says an estimated 2. 000 unborn misss are illicitly aborted every twenty-four hours in India. Now is the clip to excite attempts to set gender equality at the top of international peace and development docket.
However. uncertainties are bound to be raised on the effectivity of the statute law as the issue chiefly relates to people’s attitudes and penchants. The desire for a boy. for case. is deep-seated in both rural and urban countries. The job of dowery and the pick of a boy for societal security have besides contributed to the malady. However. these have led to serious gender favoritism and inauspicious demographic deductions in many provinces. For case. harmonizing to an estimation. parts of Haryana have witnessed a dip in sex ratio — 618 misss for 1. 000 male childs. On the whole. while the national sex ratio is 933 per 1. 000 work forces. in Haryana. Punjab. Chandigarh and Delhi. it is below 900. This shows that the threat has reached dismaying proportions even in urban countries.
Amongst the provinces. the northern province of Punjab tops the list in figure of female foeticide instances reported over the last three old ages with Rajasthan coming next. The state as a whole reported 294 instances during the same period. Harmonizing to figures released by the National Crime Records Bureau in Punjab. 81 instances were registered for female foeticide while for Rajasthan the corresponding figure was 51. Madhya Pradesh registered 21 instances. Haryana 18 and Chattisgarh 24. In Rajasthan. the figure of instances registered has shown a steady diminution since the last three old ages with 25. 16 and 10 instances being registered in 2006. 2007 and 2008. The National Capital saw seven instances registered in 2006. four in 2007 and two in 2008. A medical expert in India says that an estimated 80. 000 adult females die from legal abortions on an one-year footing.
Backdrops: STATUS OF WOMEN
The inauspicious sex ratio has been linked with the low position of adult females in Indian communities. both Hindu and Muslim. The position of adult females in a society can be determined by their instruction. wellness. economic function. presence in the professions and direction. and decision-making power within the household. It is profoundly influenced by the beliefs and values of society. Islam permits polygamy and gives adult females fewer rights than work forces. Among Hindus. penchant for the male kid is similarly profoundly enshrined in belief and pattern. The Ramayana and the Manusmriti ( the Laws of Manu ) represent the ideal adult female as obedient and submissive. and ever necessitating the attention of a male: first male parent. so hubby. so boy.
The birth of a boy is regarded as indispensable in Hinduism and many supplications and munificent offerings are made in temples in the hope of holding a male kid. Modern medical engineering is used in the service of this religion-driven devaluing of adult females and misss. Womans and Developments in Reproductive Technology Abortion was legalized in India in 1971 to beef up human-centered values ( gestation can be aborted if it is a consequence of sexual assault. prophylactic failure. if the babe would be badly disabled. or if the female parent is incapable of bearing a healthy kid ) . Amniocentesis was introduced in 1975 to observe fetal abnormalcies but it shortly began to be used for finding the sex of the babe. Ultrasound scanning. being a non-invasive technique. rapidly gained popularity and is now available in some of the most distant rural countries. Both techniques are now being used for sex finding with the purpose of abortion if the fetus turns out to be female. These methods do non affect use of familial stuff to choose the sex of a babe.
The Census 2001 figures reveal that the kid sex ration for the age group of
0-6 old ages is relatively lower in: – a ) Punjab ( 798 ) .
B ) Haryana ( 819 ) .
degree Celsius ) Chandigarh ( 845 ) .
vitamin D ) Delhi ( 868 ) .
vitamin E ) Gujarat ( 883 ) .
degree Fahrenheit ) Himachal Pradesh ( 896 )
g ) Rajasthan ( 909 )
as compared to the national norm pf 927 misss per 1000 male child. Though there is no established causal relationship between inauspicious sex ratio and jet in instances of sex related offenses. this could be one of the factors ensuing in some signifiers of force against adult females.
Technological ADVANCEMENTS ENHANCING THE MENACE
Some of the worst gender ratios. bespeaking gross misdemeanor of women’s rights. are found in South and East Asiatic states such as India and China. The finding of the sex of the fetus by ultrasound scanning. amniocentesis. and in vitro fertilisation has aggravated this state of affairs. No moral or ethical rule supports such a process for gender designation. The state of affairs is farther worsened by a deficiency of consciousness of women’s rights and by the apathetic attitude of authoritiess and medical professionals. Recent prepossession gender choice ( PGS ) . nevertheless. includes flow cytometry. preimplantation gender finding of the embryo. and in vitro fertilisation to guarantee the birth of a babe of the coveted sex without undergoing abortion.
Besides. the debut of a United States patented sex finding kit called ‘Baby Gender Mentor Home DNA Gender Testing Kit’ have raised frights about back-door foetus finding trials. The kit. priced at $ 275 was popularly known as ‘Jantar Mantar’ in rural Punjab. It had a built-in-equipment for roll uping and directing a finger-prick blood sample to a Massachusetts research lab from where confidential consequences were sent via electronic mail within 48 hours. Technology is progressing but. alas. the thought is still barbarian.
LEGAL PROVISIONS COMBATING IT
1 ) INDIAN PENAL CODE
Sections 312-316 of the Indian Penal Code ( IPC ) trades with abortion and decease of an unborn kid and depending on the badness and purpose with which the offense is committed. the punishments range from seven old ages to life imprisonment for 14 old ages and mulct.
Section 312. Causing abortion
Whoever voluntarily causes a adult female with kid to fail. shall. if such abortion be non caused in good religion for the intent of salvaging the life of the adult female. be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may widen to three old ages. or with all right. or with both. and. if the adult female be speedy with kid. shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may widen to seven old ages. and shall besides be apt to ticket.
Explanation: – A adult female who causes herself to fail. is within the significance of this subdivision.
Section 313. Causing abortion without woman’s consent
Whoever commits the offense defined in the last preceding subdivision without the consent of the adult female. whether the adult female is speedy with kid or non. shall be punished with [ imprisonment for life ] or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may widen to ten old ages. and shall besides be apt to ticket.
Section 314. Death caused by act done with purpose to do miscarriage-
Whoever. with purpose to do the abortion of adult female with kid. does any act which causes the decease of such adult female. shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term may widen to ten old ages. and shall besides be apt to ticket.
If act done without woman’s consent: – And if the act is done without the consent of the adult female. shall be punished either with [ imprisonment for life ] or with the penalty above mentioned. Explanation: – It is non indispensable to this offense that the wrongdoer should cognize that the act is likely to do decease.
Section 315. Act done with purpose to forestall kid being born alive or to do it to decease after birth
Whoever before the birth of any kid does any act with the purpose of thereby forestalling that kid from being born alive or doing it to decease after its birth. and does by such prevent that kid from being born alive. or causes it to decease after its birth. shall. if such act be non caused in good religion for the intent of salvaging the life of the female parent. be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may widen to ten old ages. or with all right. or with both.
Section 316. Causing decease of speedy unborn kid by act amounting to culpable homicide
Whoever does any act under such fortunes. that if he thereby caused decease he would be guilty of blameworthy homicide. and does by such act cause the decease of a speedy unborn kid. shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may widen to ten old ages. and shall besides be apt to ticket.
A. cognizing that he is likely to do the decease of a pregnant adult female. does an act which. if it caused the decease of the adult female. would amount to blameworthy homicide. The adult female is injured. but does non decease. but the decease of an unborn speedy kid with which she is pregnant is thereby caused. A is guilty of the offense defined in this subdivision.
Until 1970 the commissariats contained in the Indian Penal Code ( IPC ) governed the jurisprudence on abortion. The Indian Penal Code 1860 permitted ‘legal abortions’ did without condemnable purpose and in good religion for the express intent of salvaging the life of the female parent. Liberalization of abortion Torahs was besides advocated as one of the steps of population control.
2 ) THE MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY ACT. 1971
The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act was passed in July 1971. which came into force in April 1972. This jurisprudence was conceived as a tool to allow the pregnant adult females decide on the figure and frequence of kids. It further gave them the right to make up one’s mind on holding or non holding the kid. However. this good intentioned measure was being used to coerce adult females to abort the female kid. In order to make away with lacunae inherent in old statute law. the Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques ( Regulation and Prevention of Misuse ) Act had to be passed in 1994. which came into force in January 1996. The Act prohibited finding of sex of the fetus and declared penalty for the misdemeanor of the commissariats. It besides provided for compulsory enrollment of familial guidance Centres. clinics. infirmaries. nursing places. etc.
Therefore both these Torahs were meant to protect the childbearing map of the adult female and legalize the intent for which pre-natal trials and abortions could be carried out. However. in pattern we find that these commissariats have been misused and are turn outing against the involvement of the females.
3 ) THE PRE-CONCEPTION AND PRE-NATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES ( REGULATION AND PREVENTION OF MISUSE ) ACT. 1994 To battle the pattern of female foeticide in the state through abuse of engineering. done sneakily with the active collusion of the service suppliers and the individuals seeking such service. the Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques ( Regulation and Prevention of Misuse ) Act was enacted on September 20. 1994 by the Government of India. The Act was amended in 2003 to better ordinance of engineering capable of sex choice and to collar the diminution in the kid sex ratio as revealed by the Census 2001 and with consequence from 14. 02. 2003. due to the amendments. the Act is known as the Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques ( Prohibition of Sex Selection ) Act. 1994.
The chief intent of ordaining the Personal computer & A ; PNDT ( prohibition of Sex Selection )
Act. 1994 has been to: I ) Ban the usage of sex choice techniques before or after construct
two ) Prevent the abuse of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for sex selective abortions
three ) Regulate such techniques Stringent penalties have been prescribed under the Act for utilizing pre-conception and pre-natal diagnostic techniques to illicitly find the sex of the fetus.
Governments Empowered and pertinent every bit good as of import commissariats # The appropriate Governments at the District and State degrees are empowered to seek. prehend and seal the machines. equipments and records of the lawbreakers. # The sale of certain diagnostic equipment is restricted merely to the organic structures registered under the Act. # The Government has besides taken assorted stairss to back up execution of the statute law. including through fundamental law of a National Inspection & A ; Monitoring Committee ( NIMC ) . Cardinal and State # Supervisory Boards. capacity edifice of implementing bureaus. including the bench and public prosecuting officers and community consciousness coevals through PRIs and community wellness workers such as # Auxiliary Nursing Midwives ( ANMs ) and Accredited Social Health Activists ( ASHAs ) . # The Act has a cardinal and province degree Supervisory Board. an Appropriate Authority. and back uping Advisory Committee. The map of the Supervisory Board is to supervise. proctor. and do amendments to the commissariats of the Act. Appropriate Authority provides enrollment. and conducts the administrative work involved in review. probe. and the penalizing of defaulters.
The Advisory # Committee provides adept and proficient support to the Appropriate Authority. # Sec. 6 of the said Act. clearly says that finding of sex is prohibited. # Sec. 22 prohibits advertizements associating to pre-natal finding of sex and penalty for dispute. # Sec. 23 ( 3 ) of the said Act. lays down that any individual who seeks the assistance of a familial guidance Centre. a familial research lab or a familial clinic. or of a medical geneticist. gynaecologist or registered medical practician. for using pre-natal diagnostic techniques on any pregnant adult females ( unless there is grounds she was compelled to undergo such diagnostic techniques ) for purposes other than those specified. shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term that may widen to 3 old ages and with a all right which may widen to Rs. 10. 000 and any subsequent strong belief may affect imprisonment which may widen to 5 old ages and a mulct of up to Rs. 50. 000. # Before carry oning any antenatal diagnostic process. the medical practician must obtain a written consent from the pregnant adult female in a local linguistic communication that she understands. # Prenatal trials may be performed in assorted specified fortunes. including hazard of chromosomal abnormalcies in the instance of adult females over 35. and familial diseases evident in the household history of the twosome.
4 ) THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
Section 312 of the Indian Penal Code read with the Medical expiration of Pregnancy act. 1971 where all the limitations imposed in this. including the clip bound of 20 hebdomads. other than the 1s to guarantee good medical conditions. infringe the right to abortion and the right to wellness. which emanate from right to life as guaranteed by Article 21 of the Constitution. Freedom from intervention in one’s privateness and household life is protected by Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Article 17 of the Civil and Political Rights Covenant. Article 11 of the American Convention. and Article 8 ( 1 ) of the European Convention. Right to abortion is a species of right to privateness. which is once more proclaimed a continuation of the right to life under Article 21.
A SURVEY OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACT
A study was conducted to measure the execution of the 1994 Act in South Delhi and to do recommendations for its betterment. This involved analyzing the organisational construction. detecting 26 clinics. and administering a questionnaire to patients. The consequences showed up serious failures in direction and execution. deficiency of committedness and motive. widespread corruptness. and small cognition in clinics of the commissariats of the Act. The presence of persons outside the medical profession. in peculiar those involved with human rights. would hold helped to forestall fraternity prejudice – an unwillingness to convey medical co-workers to account.
The study of patient attitudes showed that merely 40 % of male patients and 30 % of female patients were cognizant of the prohibition of sex finding. While 90 % purported to hold with the rule of the Act. they however maintained that a male kid was of import for the strengthening of the household.
GOVERNMENT ACTION-PLAN AND POLICY FRAMEWORK
National Plan of Action entirely for the miss kid ( 1991-2000 ) was formulated in 1992 for the “Survival. Protection and Development of the Girl Children” . The Plan recognized the rights of the miss kid to equal chance. to be free from hungriness. illiteracy. ignorance and development. Towards guaranting endurance of the miss kid. the aims are to:
V Prevent instances of female foeticide and infanticide and censor the pattern of amniocentesis for sex finding ;
5 End gender disparity in infant mortality rate ; eliminate gender disparities in feeding patterns. expand nutritionary intercessions to cut down terrible undernourishment by half and supply auxiliary nutrition to adolescent misss in demand ;
V Reduce deceases due to diarrhoea by 50 % among girl kids under 5 old ages and guarantee immunisation against all signifiers of serious unwellnesss ; and
V Provide safe imbibing H2O and guarantee entree to fodder and imbibing H2O nearer place.
Balika Samriddhi Yojana
The launching of the Balika Samriddhi Yojana in 1997 is a major enterprise of Government to raise the overall position of the miss kid. It intends to alter household and community attitudes towards her and her female parent. Under this strategy about 25 hundred thousands girl kids born every twelvemonth in households below the poorness line are to be benefited. The first constituent of the strategy. which has already been launched. is to supply Rs. 500/ – as a post-delivery grant to the female parent of the miss kid as a symbolic gift from Government. The other constituents proposed under the strategy are proviso of one-year scholarships to the donees when they go to school and aid for taking upon income generating activity when they attain the age of adulthood.
Besides holding specific statute law and policy announcements to cover with this threat. the precipitating factors such as dowery. poorness. and woman’s economic dependance etc. . taking to the job of foeticide and infanticide have been addressed by ordaining assorted statute laws as: O Dowry Prohibition Act. 1961 ( Amended in 1986 ) ;
O Hindu Marriage Act. 1955 ;
O Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act. 1956 ;
O Immoral Traffic Prevention Act. 1986
O Equal Remuneration Act. 1976.
It is unfeignedly HOPED that such steps would fit adult females to exert their rights. The Ministry of State for Health and Family Welfare is besides shiping on a monolithic national degree consciousness and sensitization programme on a sustained footing to look into female foeticide. Non-government administrations. media. amusement industry. religious leaders. medical fraternity and young person will be involved in a large manner as agents of societal alteration in the run.
Deterrence ( implementing the jurisprudence ) . reding ( community instruction ) equal force per unit area ( keeping last rites after abortions to faze the household and physicians ) and inducements for betrayers can be used as effectual tools to convey about an appreciable alteration in attitude.
The figure of female kids is coming down alarmingly and the present male-female ratio stands at 1000:800 in some northern provinces including Haryana. Punjab and South Delhi.
JUDICIAL ACTIVISM AND RESPONSE
Our honorable bench in India had observed 2007 as the Awareness Year of Female Foeticide and dealt in a rigorous mode with those responsible for this offense. The former Chief Justice Y. K. Sabharwal had declared while presenting his presidential reference at a state-level seminar on ‘Eradication of Female Foeticide’ . jointly organised by the Punjab Department of Health and Family Welfare and Punjab Legal Services Authority that jurisprudence can play an of import function in look intoing this threat of female foeticide.
CEHAT v Union of India
In the landmark instance of CEHAT. MASUM and Dr Sabu George v Union of India and others – in visible radiation of the dismaying diminution in sex ratios in the state to the disadvantage of adult females. this request was filed seeking waies from the Supreme Court for the execution of the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act which regulates the proviso of pre-natal diagnostic engineering. In this instance the Court took on the alone function of really supervising the execution of the jurisprudence and publishing several good directives over the class of 3 old ages during which the instance was continuing in tribunal. This request put the issue of sex choice and sex selective abortion on the national docket and as a effect at that place have been heightened activities on this issue by authorities and non-governmental bureaus likewise.
In the words of Supreme Court of India. It is unfortunate that for one ground or the other. the pattern of female infanticide still prevails despite the fact that soft touch of a girl and her voice has comforting consequence on the parents. One of the grounds may be the matrimony jobs faced by the parents compelled with the dowry demand by the alleged educated and/or rich individuals who are good placed in the society. The traditional system of female infanticide where by female babe was done off with after birth by poisoning or allowing her choking coil on chaff continues in a different signifier by taking advantage of progress medical techniques.
Unfortunately. developed medical scientific discipline is misused to acquire rid of a girl kid before birth. Knowing to the full good that it is immoral and unethical every bit good as it may amount to an offense. fetus of a miss kid is aborted by qualified and unqualified physicians or compounders. This has affected overall sex ratio in assorted The Supreme Court of India besides directed all the State Governments/Union Territory disposals to make public consciousness against the pattern of pre-natal finding of sex and female foeticide through advertizements in the print and electronic media by billboards and other appropriate agencies. The Governments to supply quarterly returns to the cardinal supervisory board giving a study on the execution of PNDT Act. 1994.
In the instance of Kharak Singh Vs. State of U. P. and others. the Supreme Court has surely recognized that a individual has complete rights of control over his organic structure variety meats and his ‘person’ under Article 21. It can besides said to be including the complete right of a adult female over her generative variety meats. In the United States of America. the Supreme Court upheld the right to privateness and ended the prohibition on birth control back in 1965. in the instance of Griswold v. Connecticut. Eight old ages subsequently. the Supreme Court ruled the right to privateness included abortions in the landmark instance of Roe v. Wade. In 1976. Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth. ruled that necessitating consent by the hubby and the consent from a parent if a individual was under 18 was unconstitutional. This instance supported a woman’s control over her ain organic structure and generative system. William Brennan. J. stated: “If the right to privateness agencies anything. it is the right of the person. married or individual. to be free from unwanted governmental invasion into affairs so basically impacting a individual as the determination to bear or engender a kid. ”
Vijay Sharma and Another Vs Union of India
The twosome. Vijay and Kirti Sharma. based in the commercial city Mumbai. challenged the cogency of the Pre Conception and Pre Natal Diagnostic Tests Act ( PCPNDT ) Act. a 2001 Indian statute law which bans sex finding. But the Judgess said in a finding of fact pronounced on Friday that sex choice would be every bit good as female foeticide.
Qualified Private Medical Practitioners and Hospitals Association Vs State of Kerala It was declared that research labs and clinics which do non carry on pre-natal diagnostic. trial utilizing echography will non come within the horizon of the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques ( Regulation and Prevention of Misuse ) Act. 1994 and a way to the respondents non to take a firm stand for enrollment of all ultrasound scanning Centres irrespective of the fact as to whether they are carry oning echography. under the Act. 1994. a similar position was taken in the instance of Malpani Infertility Clinic Pvt. Ltd. and Others Vs Appropriate Authority. PNDT Act and Others.
Dr. Varsha Gautam W/O Dr. Rajesh Gautam V State Of U. P
A pregnant adult female wanted to acquire her abortion done because there was a girl kid in her uterus. She approached the suppliant Dr. Varsha Gautam at her infirmary. who agreed to execute the abortion although it was an offense to execute such an operation and even finding of the sex by physicians utilizing ultrasound technique was illegal. The suppliant is said to hold engaged in acquiring abortions done in her infirmary in collusion with physicians. who determined the sex of the fetus by carry oning ultrasound trials. Her clinic was non even registered under the Act and she was non entitled to carry on pre-natal diagnostic processs therein.
Vinod Soni and Another Vs Union of India
By this request. the suppliants who are married twosome seek to dispute the constitutional cogency of Preconception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques ( Prohibition of Sex Selection ) Act of 1994 ( hereinafter referred to Sex Selection Act of 1994 ) . The request contains fundamentally two challenges to the passage. First. it violates Article 14 of the Constitution and 2nd. that it violates Article 21 of the Constitution of India. It was held that Right to convey into being a life in future with a pick to find the sex of that life can non in itself to be a right. Reliance is placed on a Supreme Court Judgment and two earlier determinations whereby the Supreme Court has explained Article 21 and the rights bestowed thereby include right to Food. vesture. nice environment. and even protection of cultural heritage. These rights even if farther expanded to the extremes of the possible snap of the commissariats of Article 21 can non include right to choice of sex whether prepossession or station construct therefore. non unconstitutional.
In order to beef up the monitoring of female foeticide and miss kid endurance. the Registrar General of India. has made it compulsory for all the Chief Registrars of Births and Deaths to closely supervise the sex ratio at birth every month.
In India. the available statute law for bar of sex finding needs rigorous execution. alongside the launching of programmes aimed at changing attitudes. including those prevalent in the medical profession. More by and large. demographists warn that in the following 20 old ages at that place will be a deficit of brides in the matrimony market chiefly because of the inauspicious juvenile sex ratio. combined with an overall diminution in birthrate. While birthrate is worsening more quickly in urban and educated households. however the penchant for male kids remains strong. For these households. modern medical engineerings are within easy range. Therefore selective abortion and sex choice are going more common.
The National Plan of Action for the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation ( SAARC ) Decade of the Girl Child ( 1991-2000 ) seeks to guarantee the equality of position for the miss kid by puting down specific ends for her dignified endurance and development without favoritism. The statute jurisprudence universe over considers human life as sacred and specific legal commissariats have been devised to protect the life of the Born and the un-born.
However. the aim of the jurisprudence gets defeated due to lacunae in the jurisprudence and deficiency of proper execution. Even though the jurisprudence is a powerful instrument of alteration yet jurisprudence entirely can non root out this societal job. The misss are devalued non merely because of the
economic considerations but besides because of socio-cultural factors. such as. the belief that boy extends the line of descent. enlarges the household tree. provides protection safety and security to the household and is necessary for redemption as he entirely can illume the funeral pyre and execute other decease related rites and rites. Evidence indicates that the job of female foeticide is more prevailing in Orthodox households. It is. hence. indispensable that these socio-cultural factors be tackled by altering the thought procedure through consciousness coevals. mass entreaty and societal action. In add-on to this all concerned i. e. the spiritual and societal leaders. voluntary administrations. women’s groups. socially responsible media. the physicians ; the Medical Council/Association ( by implementing medical moralss and punishments on aberrant physicians ) and the jurisprudence enforcement forces should work in a co-ordinated manner.
To reason I would wish to state that awareness amongst people from all walks of life and edifying them with instruction are two unfailing tools of battling this of all time permeating threat which has plagued our state and rendered the sex ratio to fall drastically. ‘Female foeticide’ is besides depicted in a series named ‘Na Aana Is Desh Meri Lado’ aired on Colorss channel over the hebdomad yearss to which a notice has been issued by the National Commission of Women of being offensive of the Indecent Representation of Women ( Prohibition ) Act. 1986 every bit good as Cable T. V. Networks ( Regulation ) Act. 1995