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Article I

Dubeya, R. , Gunasekaranb, A. & A ; Alic, S. ( 2014 ) .Researching the relationship between leading, operational patterns, institutional force per unit areas and environmental public presentation: A model for green supply concatenation

The Problem

As the economic system keeps on turning, there is increasing concern about protecting the environment. Increasing degrees of economic growing are taking to higher degrees of energy and material ingestion that are ensuing in environmental issues and doing resource depletion ( Seman et al. , 2012 ; Zhu & A ; Sarkis, 2004 ; Dubeya, Gunasekaranb & A ; Alic, 2014 ) . There is turning accent being laid upon following a proactive instead than a reactive attack with respects to the environment particularly when concerned with fabrication companies. Environmental issues can no longer be disregarded by houses if they wish to last within the planetary sphere ( Falatoonitoosi, Leman & A ; Sorooshian, 2013 ) . It is because of this that Green Supply Chain Management ( GSCM ) is deriving increasing attending among research workers and practicians of Operations and Supply Chain Management ( Seman et al. , 2012 ) .

While there is plentifulness of research done antecedently with regard to green fabrication and its execution, there is small literature that surveies the impact of Supplier Relationship Management ( SRM ) and Entire Quality Management ( TQM ) on environmental public presentation under the influence of leading and Institutional Pressures ( IP ) ( Dubeya, Gunasekaranb & A ; Alic, 2014 ) . It is of extreme importance that the gum elastic goods makers know what variables are indispensable for the successful execution of GSCM. Therefore, the writers formulate a theoretical model that explains the impact of leading, SRM and TQM on environmental public presentation under the influence of IP specifically on the gum elastic goods makers in India.

The Model

In order to prove the hypotheses, theoretical account 1 uses hierarchal arrested development analysis which is considered most suited due to the many-sided nature of the model under survey, gettable information points and great hardiness of the technique. The writers want to see the impact of leading, TQM and SRM on environmental public presentation while under the influence of IP.

IP are said to be critical to environmental public presentation and are finally influential when it comes to the acceptance of environment friendly patterns in the gum elastic industry. SRM is besides considered pivotal for the successful execution of a green buying plan. It is imperative for the houses to act upon their providers in supplying them with eco-friendly and non-hazardous natural stuffs in order to successfully implement green patterns. While these two variables held the most importance, all variables turned out to be statistically important and are said to act upon environmental public presentation positively.

However, it is of import to detect that the theoretical account is based on certain premises and has restrictions to it. The first restriction is the fact that the theoretical account does non integrate longitudinal informations but works with one clip informations collected from the gum elastic makers. This limits the theoretical account as it makes it difficult to set up causality between the variables. Second, subjective informations could non be collected from the mark respondents due to the non-disclosure nature of the informations aggregation. Furthermore, the theoretical account is developed entirely for the gum elastic goods makers in India, therefore, it limits the range for farther usage by other states and industries.

While the theoretical account is tested utilizing the hierarchal arrested development analysis, there may be other factors that could hold been taken into consideration. For illustration, fiscal public presentation and technological alteration, fiscal public presentation holding been mentioned as the taking motive for the execution of green patterns ( Falatoonitoosi et al. , 2013 ; Zhu et al. , 2010 ) .

Decision

The theoretical account and the analysis of the variables have been good thought out and planned as attempt has been put in to avoid and get the better of most prejudices and failings. Dubeya, Gunasekaranb & A ; Alic ( 2014 ) chose 358 accredited gum elastic goods makers of the 3500 nowadays. That is presumptively twice every bit much as the sample size demonstrated by recent surveies in the Operations Management and SCM country and gives the theoretical account a 95 % assurance degree harmonizing to Yamne ( 1967 ) .

The questionnaires were good tested and verified by six experts drawn from the industry and academe. The consequences were tested for lopsidedness and kurtosis and were found to be good within bounds. The statistics showed that the variables were all important and the FChromiumshowed that the theoretical account was strong.

The research carried out by the writers fills an of import spread and helps the gum elastic makers in estimating the factors that help better environmental public presentation and, therefore, finally efficiency. It besides provides penetration on the factors that are important for the execution of GSCM. However, had the public presentation index taken into history fundss and non been limited to environmental public presentation merely, it would hold provided the gum elastic makers with another of import variable that mostly impacts the execution of GSCM, as mentioned above.

Article II

Vijayvargy, L. & A ; Agarwal, G. ( 2014 ) .Empirical Investigation of Green Supply Chain Management Practices and Their Impact on Organizational Performance

The Problem

Green Supply Chain Management ( GSCM ) has late come to the bow as an country of huge growing and importance. The concern paradigm has shifted from companies based entirely on bettering their net incomes and diminishing their costs, to companies that care about the environmental impact of their actions. This new motion goes beyond basic conformities with environmental regulations and ordinances laid down by regulating organic structures, and alternatively identifies companies as responsible concern patterns that have a responsibility to better the sustainability of the environment in which they function.

GSCM recognizes two major countries where the entities supply concatenation maps overlap with environmental duties and purposes to extenuate the impact of these external organic structures, viz, providers and buyers.

While important research has been undertaken in several states, affecting several sectors, there has been no major research conducted towards understanding the range and impact of GSCM patterns specifically related to India ( Shukla et al. , 2009 ) . Therefore, the writers create a theoretical account that pertains to the impact of GSCM drivers on the firms’ operational, fiscal, ecological and overall public presentation.

The Model

The paper formulates a GSCM theoretical account that suggests that there are two chief phases required in implementing GSCM with the first being the puting up of a planned internal environmental direction and analysing the GSCM drivers to supervise activities and the 2nd including the execution of green buying, client cooperation with environmental consideration, eco design and investing recovery patterns ( Simpson and Power, 2005 ; Chien and Shih, 2007 ; Lee, 2008 ; Jabbour and Jabbour, 2009 ; Mohanty et al. , 2009 ; Olugu et al.,2010 ; Eltayeb et al. , 2011 ; and Saridogan, 2012 ) .

Using the graduated table from Zhu and Sarkis ( 2004 ) , it contains 21 variables covering all five enterprises and 22 variables which cover all four countries of public presentation. These are ranked on a 5 point graduated table ( 1 = Not at all, 2 = A small it, 3 = To some grade, 4 = Relatively important, 5 = Significant ) . Data is sourced from 161 Indian houses and analyzed utilizing The Structural Equation Model ( SEM ) , reliability trial and correlativity.

The strength of the theoretical account lies in the fact that it takes into consideration the possibility of skewed informations and efforts to utilize Cronbach’s alpha to guarantee that informations collected remains free from any prejudices and can be used as a relevant beginning to prove out the hypothesis. The theoretical account shows that the association between both the phases are significantly supported which incline the industry towards the acceptance of GSCM patterns.

This theoretical account hypothesizes that GSCM drivers non merely push the company to be responsible about their production and buying methods, but besides that the enterprises taken up by the company to guarantee that they are ecologically sound, besides tends to better their fiscal, operational and overall organisational public presentation.

Decision

The research workers through their appraisal happen a strong positive connexion between internal environmental direction and GSCM pressure/drivers with both looking as precursors to the successful execution of GSCM that consequences in improved environmental, fiscal and operational public presentation by the house.

The theoretical account applies the Cronbach’s Alpha to guarantee that the information sourced is non skewed and is dependable. After using Cronbach’s Alpha, it is noted that all five enterprises have high public presentation correlativity ranges ( & gt ; 0.60 ) . Therefore turn outing that these variables do in fact have a direct positive impact on the ecological, operational, fiscal and overall organisational public presentation.

However, the fact that it is specific to the Indian fabrication industry becomes a restriction for the theoretical account as it can non be used as a base for any other states industries. Besides, it appears to hold a really general range and the theoretical account might non keep true for specialised industries that employ specific variables that are non covered in the hypothesis.

Comparing the Two Models

The two theoretical accounts discussed above both address the of all time pressing issue of GSCM and the factors that affect green patterns. The chief focal point of both the theoretical accounts is to set up the factors that influence the fabrication industry houses within India in favour of following GSCM. However, both differ in footings of their range and range. Where theoretical account 2 provides a broader position of the organisational public presentation pertaining to the fabrication industry at big, model 1 focal points strictly on the gum elastic makers within India.

Furthermore, theoretical account 1 uses the Hierarchical Regression Model to provide for the multi-leveled nature of the studied model whereas model 2 focal points on the Structural Equation Modeling ( SEM ) that helps pattern the relationships between multiple dependant and independent variables at the same time ( Gefen, Straub & A ; Boudreau, 2000 ) .

In isolation, these theoretical accounts both provide penetrations into different facets that influence the acceptance of GSCM. However, if the two theoretical accounts can be combined so they can turn out to be highly powerful in supplying penetrations into an industry such as the gum elastic industry in India. If a variable such as the ‘nature of the industry’ can be added into theoretical account 2, so it can specifically be used by the gum elastic makers for penetrations on certain fiscal and operational affairs that model 1 fails to account for. The usage of both theoretical accounts by gum elastic makers will assist supply them with a more holistic position and can assist them better understand the factors that can potentially act upon the execution of GSCM. This can merely be positive for the GSCM motion, guaranting more bases are covered and houses are better informed.

Mentions

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