Dracula Essay, Research Paper
In Bram Stoker & # 8217 ; s Dracula, vampires act as rules of blending in many ways. Dracula comes from Transylvania, which is a land of many people, and his palace is located on the boundary line of three provinces. Dracula himself describes the topographic point as the & # 8220 ; vortex of European races & # 8221 ; , and boasts, & # 8220 ; in [ his ] venas flows the blood of many brave races & # 8221 ; ( p. 28 ) . Dracula wishes to travel to London, to the crowded streets with a assortment of people. He takes blood from everybody, and gives it to others ( Mina, albeit for his ain intents ) . His organic structure acts as a vas of assorted blood. In his venas run blood from antediluvian and modern times, from England and Transylvania. Dracula seems to move as some kind of cosmopolite rule, blending blood without respect to age, location, nationality, blood type. Since blood is a marker of corporeal individuality, alone to every person, Dracula mixes individualities when he mixes bloods. But does he destruct individualism in the procedure or regenerate it, blending elements to make a different individuality wholly?
Blood in this text seems to be a strong marker of individualism. Blood is & # 8220 ; typed & # 8221 ; harmonizing to nationality or race, gender, age etc. Thus Lucy has the blood of & # 8220 ; four strong work forces & # 8221 ; ( 151 ) put into her, and & # 8220 ; a brave adult male & # 8217 ; s blood is the best thing on this Earth when a adult female is in problem & # 8221 ; ( p 149 ) . Van Helsing & # 8217 ; s blood is non every bit good as Seward & # 8217 ; s, because he is older. Arthur & # 8217 ; s blood is better than Seward & # 8217 ; s or Van Helsing & # 8217 ; s because their nervousnesss are & # 8220 ; non so unagitated, and [ their ] blood non so bright & # 8221 ; , since they & # 8220 ; labor much in the universe of idea & # 8221 ; ( p 121 ) . Although Van Helsing may hold said this simply to demo consideration for Arthur, as he allowed Arthur to be the one to kill Lucy, however there is a strong inclination to categorise blood harmonizing to certain intrinsic factors such as race or gender, which are described in the linguistic communication of features that show in the blood.
Dracula, on the other manus, does non distinguish between assorted sorts of blood. He wants to travel to London to be in the thick of the & # 8220 ; commotion and haste of humanity & # 8221 ; ( p. 20 ) , proposing that he is pull outing from all these bloods, the common component of humanity. Renfield seems to pull out from blood, including carnal blood, the power of & # 8220 ; life & # 8221 ; . Dracula and Renfield seem to be taking from blood some basic component that crosses boundaries of all sorts, including the species barrier. Dracula, Mina and Renfield all seem to be able to pass on with each other, across long distances, and Dracula is able to pass on with wolves, rates, chiropterans and other carnal species. Vampires can therefore be read as incarnating the rule of the lowest common factor that enables communicating across distances and barriers.
The procedure of pull outing the lowest common factor is non reductive but linear, and through add-on comes renewal. Renfield follows the rule of summing up in his method of zoophagy. & # 8220 ; He desires to absorb as many lives as he can, and he has laid himself out to accomplish it in a cumulative manner & # 8221 ; ( pp. 70-71 ) , says Seward. It seems that the cumulative method is a better method than merely eating the flies and spiders as they are caught. This possibly implies a certain advantage to the commixture of one blood into another, and non imbibing the blood & # 8220 ; straight & # 8221 ; . The single individualities of the assorted bloods are non destroyed in the procedure of blending or in the procedure of absorbing the common factor of & # 8220 ; life & # 8221 ; . This is why the twenty-four hours after Lucy & # 8217 ; s transfusion, she feels Arthur & # 8217 ; s presence environing her ( p. 116 ) . Blood is non merely blood, but bears the signature of a individual. That individualism can non be erased by mere commixture of one blood with another ; alternatively, it seems to bring forth a combined consequence. Similarly, the commixture of Dracula & # 8217 ; s blood and Mina & # 8217 ; s enables them to pass on. Some factor in Dracula & # 8217 ; s blood enters Min
a’s, and allows this. This may be because in the text’s classification of blood, vampiric blood is stronger than “normal” blood. However, it may besides be a statement about how vampirism works as a regenerating agent to bring forth a combined consequence of two bloods. Dracula points to this when he catalogues his geneology and says “in our venas flows the blood of many brave races” ( p 28 ) , and that he has inherited the contending spirit of Thor and Odin every bit good as the Huns. This address seems to connote that brave blood is besides linear, and as one descended from many lines long renowned for courage, he is the bravest of all.
However, the contradictory grounds to this thought is considerable. Dracula is besides evidently taking to carry through his ain docket and people the universe with one sort of animals merely & # 8211 ; lamias. He wishes to destruct humanity and make a new race of lamias. This does non keep with the diverseness that I have suggested he embodies. Further, every individual who turns into a lamia has the same features & # 8211 ; difficult, juicy, with crisp nails and dentitions and ruddy lips. There seem to be no sort vampires or good lamias, though these people may hold been good or sort in their ain life-times. Dracula seems to do the dead over in his ain image when he creates the undead. And he wants to dwell the whole Earth with them, to the exclusion of other animals except those that obey his will. Dracula & # 8217 ; s powerful self-love point to a characteristic of vampirism that needs to do everything & # 8220 ; other & # 8221 ; portion of the ego, to do the & # 8220 ; other & # 8221 ; absorb and assimilate, so that all one sees is the ego. From the Freudian position, Dracula literally is a & # 8220 ; babe & # 8221 ; , as he is described so frequently in the text. When he sees & # 8220 ; normal & # 8221 ; human existences, he sees them merely as wine-presses for himself, as he says to Mina. He looks at the present human businesss and sees metropoliss filled with future lamias. Possibly Renfield & # 8217 ; s compulsion with absorbing lives is besides a manifestation of this. He wants to take in other lives and do them a portion of himself. Renfield does non desire & # 8220 ; souls & # 8221 ; or individualisms, he wants merely lives, things that he can eat or imbibe, that are utile to him.
Dracula & # 8217 ; s docket of doing everybody around him like himself may be a contemplation of frights that blending ego and & # 8220 ; other & # 8221 ; would do soaking up of the ego into the & # 8220 ; other & # 8221 ; . The text may be demonising Dracula in reaction to these frights. Here Dracula is the other, and & # 8220 ; normal & # 8221 ; human being is the ego, which can possibly be read correspondingly as aliens and Englishmen. To distinguish, to put up boundaries, is an attempt to guarantee separation. However, Dracula does non desire separation. That he sees no differences in blood may be an baleful mark. I believe, nevertheless, that Dracula is really an agent for the positive intermixing of civilizations and people. Significantly, Dracula has the power of hypnotizing and magnetizing his victims. He seems to be tapping into the unconscious wants of his patients, and conveying them to the head. It seems that his victims want to be engulfed by him, they desire his bite, and volitionally have their blood sucked. Renfield is the utmost instance of a adult male who wants to be a lamia even before he comes into contact with one. It seems that Dracula speaks to some demand in the people to unify with the & # 8220 ; other & # 8221 ; . Possibly this is because the & # 8220 ; other & # 8221 ; is the eldritch, the familiar in a different signifier, that it speaks to the people. That treatment, nevertheless, is beyond the range of this paper. In this novel, people seem to be amazingly ready to open their venas and give their blood to another. Dracula, by his really visual aspect in England, promotes the commixture of blood, that is a contemplation of the blood-mixing that he carries out. Blood carries the features of nationality, gender, age etc. Thus Dracula embodies a rule of cultural contact and mixture, and non one of separation.